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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Simian virus 40 large T antigen interacts with human TFIIB-related factor and small nuclear RNA- activating protein complex for transcriptional activation of TATA-containing polymerase III promoters.

The TATA-binding protein (TBP) is common to the basal transcription factors of all three RNA polymerases, being associated with polymerase-specific TBP-associated factors (TAFs). Simian virus 40 large T antigen has previously been shown to interact with the TBP-TAFII complexes, TFIID (B. Damania and J. C. Alwine, Genes Dev. 10:1369-1381, 1996), and the TBP-TAFI complex, SL1 (W. Zhai, J. Tuan, and L. Comai, Genes Dev. 11: 1605-1617, 1997), and in both cases these interactions are critical for transcriptional activation. We show a similar mechanism for activation of the class 3 polymerase III (pol III) promoter for the U6 RNA gene. Large T antigen can activate this promoter, which contains a TATA box and an upstream proximal sequence element but cannot activate the TATA-less, intragenic VAI promoter (a class 2, pol III promoter). Mutants of large T antigen that cannot activate pol II promoters also fail to activate the U6 promoter. We provide evidence that large T antigen can interact with the TBP-containing pol III transcription factor human TFIIB-related factor (hBRF), as well as with at least two of the three TAFs in the pol III-specific small nuclear RNA-activating protein complex (SNAPc). In addition, we demonstrate that large T antigen can cofractionate and coimmunoprecipitate with the hBRF-containing complex TFIIIB derived from HeLa cells infected with a recombinant adenovirus which expresses large T antigen. Hence, similar to its function with pol I and pol II promoters, large T antigen interacts with TBP-containing, basal pol III transcription factors and appears to perform a TAF-like function.[1]


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