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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Signal transduction via the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway induced by binding of coagulation factor VIIa to tissue factor.

The putative role of tissue factor (TF) as a receptor involved in signal transduction is indicated by its sequence homology to cytokine receptors (Bazan, J. F. (1990) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U. S. A. 87, 6934-6938). Signal transduction induced by binding of FVIIa to cells expressing TF was studied with baby hamster kidney (BHK) cells stably transfected with TF and with a reporter gene construct encoding a luciferase gene under transcriptional control of tandem cassettes of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) elements and one serum response element (SRE). FVIIa induced a significant luciferase response in cells expressing TF, BHK(+TF), but not in cells without TF. The BHK(+TF) cells responded to the addition of FVIIa in a dose-dependent manner, whereas no response was observed with active site-inhibited FVIIa, which also worked as an antagonist to FVIIa-induced signaling. Activation of the p44/42 MAPK pathway upon binding of FVIIa to TF was demonstrated by suppression of signaling with the specific kinase inhibitor PD98059 and demonstration of a transient p44/42 MAPK phosphorylation. No stimulation of p44/42 MAPK phosphorylation was observed with catalytically inactive FVIIa derivatives suggesting that the catalytic activity of FVIIa was obligatory for activation of the MAPK pathway. Signal transduction caused by a putative generation of FXa activity was excluded by experiments showing that FVIIa/TF-induced signaling was not quenched by tick anticoagulant protein, just as addition of FXa could not induce phosphorylation of p44/42 MAPK in BHK(+TF) cells. These results suggest a specific mechanism by which binding of FVIIa to cell surface TF independent of coagulation can modulate cellular functions and possibly play a role in angiogenesis and tumor metastasis as indicated by several recent observations.[1]


  1. Signal transduction via the mitogen-activated protein kinase pathway induced by binding of coagulation factor VIIa to tissue factor. Poulsen, L.K., Jacobsen, N., Sørensen, B.B., Bergenhem, N.C., Kelly, J.D., Foster, D.C., Thastrup, O., Ezban, M., Petersen, L.C. J. Biol. Chem. (1998) [Pubmed]
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