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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Arterial and venular endothelial cell costimulation of cytokine secretion by human T cell clones.

Vascular endothelial cell (EC) costimulation of cytokine secretion by T lymphocytes may be important in inflammation and allograft rejection. Venous and arterial iliac endothelial cells (VIEC, AIEC) both costimulate interleukin-2 (IL-2) production by peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBL) or T cell clones stimulated with phytohemagglutinin (PHA). Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) production is costimulated in a subset of clones but IL-4 is not. Surprisingly, two T cell clones were reciprocally better costimulated by VIEC or AIEC. EC activation by pretreatment with tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) does not increase T cell costimulation despite large increases in EC cell adhesion molecule expression. Neither VIEC nor AIEC express CTLA4-binding molecules and costimulation is blocked by cyclosporin A, suggesting that CD28 is not involved in EC costimulation of T cells. These data suggest that adult vascular EC costimulate production of IL-2 and IFN-gamma but not IL-4 by mature T cells, that EC costimulation is not increased in inflamed tissues, and that different EC optimally costimulate particular T cells. These findings have implications for the nature of the costimulatory signal(s) provided by EC and may be important in understanding vasculitis or atherosclerosis.[1]


  1. Arterial and venular endothelial cell costimulation of cytokine secretion by human T cell clones. Johnson, D.R., Hauser, I.A., Voll, R.E., Emmrich, F. J. Leukoc. Biol. (1998) [Pubmed]
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