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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 expression in bovine chondrocytes in culture by interleukin 1alpha, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, glucocorticoids, and 17beta-estradiol.

OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of interleukin 1alpha (IL-1alpha), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), dexamethasone, and 17beta-estradiol on the expression of cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and COX-2 in bovine chondrocytes. METHODS: Northern blot analysis was used to quantify COX-1 and COX-2 mRNA expression in primary cultures of bovine chondrocytes and prostaglandin production to evaluate COX activity. RESULTS: IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha increased the expression of COX-2. This effect was independent of de novo protein synthesis and dependent on increased mRNA stability in the case of IL-1alpha. Dexamethasone inhibited the effects of both cytokines. 17beta-estradiol inhibited COX-2 mRNA expression in basal conditions, but had no effect on COX-2 expression induced by cytokines. The specific COX-2 inhibitor compound NS 398 prevented the increase in prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) production induced by the cytokines. COX-1 levels remained stable with all treatments. CONCLUSION: Increase in mRNA stability is a mechanism implicated in the induction of COX-2 by some cytokines. The effects of IL-1alpha and TNF-alpha on PGE2 production are mainly due to an increase in COX-2 activity as shown by the effect of compound NS 398. 17beta-estradiol inhibits COX-2 mRNA expression in basal conditions, suggesting that estrogens could be implicated in the control of cartilage metabolism.[1]


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