The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Novel physiological functions of cathepsins B and L on antigen processing and osteoclastic bone resorption.

Lysosomal cathepsin B plays an essential role in the processing of ovalbumin as an exogenous antigen to produce the complex between antigenic-peptide and major histocompatibility-complex class II. Administration of cathepsin B inhibitors, E-64, CA-074 and vitamin B6, caused the strong suppression of the Th-2 type immune responses. We found that pyridoxal phosphate (PAP), a coenzyme form of vitamin B6, inhibits the activities of cathepsin B and L in vitro and vitamin B6 administration induces the inhibition of the lysosomal cathepsin activities in vivo. The production of an antigenic epitope (I323-R339) of ovalbumin by antigen presenting cells was suppressed by cathepsin B specific inhibitors. The ovalbumin dependent production of immunoglobulins (IgE and IgG1) and of the corresponding interleukin (IL-4) was suppressed by cathepsin B inhibitors, while the production of IgG2a and interferon ( INF-gamma) was increased. The switch of helper T lymphocyte functions from the type-2 to the type-1 may be induced by the cathepsin B inhibition. The experimental bone pit formation, i.e., osteoclastic bone collagen degradation test, induced by parathyroid hormone was markedly suppressed by the administration of pyridoxal, because of the inhibition of cathepsin L type cysteine proteases in bone.[1]


  1. Novel physiological functions of cathepsins B and L on antigen processing and osteoclastic bone resorption. Katunuma, N., Matsunaga, Y., Matsui, A., Kakegawa, H., Endo, K., Inubushi, T., Saibara, T., Ohba, Y., Kakiuchi, T. Adv. Enzyme Regul. (1998) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities