The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Activation of heterologously expressed Drosophila TRPL channels: Ca2+ is not required and InsP3 is not sufficient.

Light-sensitive channels encoded by the Drosophila transient receptor potential-like gene (trpl) are activated in situ by an unknown mechanism requiring activation of Gq and phospholipase C (PLC). Recent studies have variously concluded that heterologously expressed TRPL channels are activated by direct Gq-protein interaction, InsP3 or Ca2+. In an attempt to resolve this confusion we have explored the mechanism of activation of TRPL channels co-expressed with a PLC-specific muscarinic receptor in a Drosophila cell line (S2 cells). Simultaneous whole-cell recordings and ratiometric Indo-1 Ca2+ measurements indicated that agonist (CCh)-induced activation of TRPL channels was not always associated with a rise in Ca2+. Internal perfusion with BAPTA (10 mM) reduced, but did not block, the response to agonist. In most cases, releasing caged Ca2+ facilitated the level of spontaneous channel activity, but similar concentrations (200-500 nM) could also inhibit TRPL activity. Releasing caged InsP3 invariably released Ca2+ from internal stores but had only a minor influence on TRPL activity and none at all when Ca2+ release was buffered with BAPTA. Caged InsP3 also failed to activate any light-sensitive channels in situ in Drosophila photoreceptors. Two phospholipase C inhibitors (U-73122 4 microM and bromo-phenacyl bromide 50 microM) reduced both spontaneous and agonist- induced TRPL activity in S2 cells. The results suggest that, as in situ, TRPL activation involves G-protein and PLC; that Ca2+ can both facilitate and in some cases inhibit TRPL channels, but that neither Ca2+ nor InsP3 is the primary activator of the channel.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities