The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and function of Gdf-5 during digit skeletogenesis in the embryonic chick leg bud.

Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) constitute a large family of secreted signals involved in the formation of the skeleton but the specific function of each member of this family remains elusive. GDF-5 is a member of the BMP family which has been implicated in several skeletogenic events including the induction and growth of the appendicular cartilages, the determination of joint forming regions, and the establishment of tendons. Here, we have studied the function of GDF-5 in digit skeletogenesis by analyzing the effects of its local administration in the developing autopod of embryonic chick and the regulation of its pattern of gene expression by other signals involved in digit morphogenesis. As reported in the mouse, the gdf-5 gene exhibits a precise distribution in the joint-forming regions of the developing chicken digital rays. GDF-5 beads implanted at the tip of the digits promote intense cartilage growth and fail to induce morphological or molecular signs of joint formation. Furthermore, GDF-5 beads implanted in the interdigits inhibit the formation of joints in the adjacent digits. These data suggest that the role of GDF-5 in joint formation is the control of growth and differentiation of the cartilage of the epiphyseal regions of the phalanges rather than accounting for the differentiation of the sinovial joint tissues. The interdigital mesoderm in spite of its potential to form ectopic digits with their tendinous apparatus failed to form either ectopic cartilages or ectopic tendons after the implantation of GDF-5 beads in the stages preceding cell death. At difference with other BMPs, GDF-5 exhibited only a weak cell death promoting effect. The BMP antagonist Noggin binds to GDF-5 and is able to inhibit all the observed effects of this growth factor in vivo. Potential interactions of GDF-5 with other signals involved in digits morphogenesis were also explored. BMP-7 regulates negatively the expression of gdf-5 gene in the joint forming regions and local treatment with Noggin induces the ectopic expression of gdf-5 in the interdigital mesoderm. Retroviral-induced misexpression of Indian or Sonic Hedgehog genes in the developing digits leads to the formation of digits without joints in which gdf-5 expression occurs throughout the entire perichondrial surface. In conclusion, this study indicates that GDF-5 is a signal regulated by other BMPs which controls the growth and differentiation of the epiphyses of the digital cartilages acting in close relationship with Hedgehog signaling.[1]


  1. Expression and function of Gdf-5 during digit skeletogenesis in the embryonic chick leg bud. Merino, R., Macias, D., Gañan, Y., Economides, A.N., Wang, X., Wu, Q., Stahl, N., Sampath, K.T., Varona, P., Hurle, J.M. Dev. Biol. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities