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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Angiotensin II type 1 receptor-mediated peroxide production in human macrophages.

Our previous experiments demonstrated upregulation of the renin-angiotensin system in macrophages, including angiotensin II type 1 ( AT1) and type 2 (AT2) receptors, during transformation from monocytes. We investigated the role of angiotensin II in oxidative stress of monocytes/macrophages, which plays a role in the advance of atherosclerosis. THP1, a human monocytic leukemia cell line, was differentiated to macrophages by adding of phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate for 24 hours. The intracellular production of peroxide was measured by a cytofluorometric assay with 2', 7'-dichlorofluorescein-diacetate with a flow cytometer scan. Peroxide was detected in monocytes and upregulated during the transformation to macrophages by 3.18+/-0.52 times in relative fluorescein of peak value (P<0.01). Angiotensin II (1 micromol/L) induced oxidative stress in macrophages, with the peak at 15 minutes by 451+/-223%, and returned to the control level within 1 hour. EC50 was 5.4x10(-9) mol/L. AT1 antagonist (CV11974, 1 micromol/L) significantly decreased angiotensin II-induced oxidative stress in macrophages, but AT2 antagonist (PD123319, 1 micromol/L) did not. Of interest, AT1 antagonist also decreased basal levels of peroxide production in macrophages in a dose-dependent manner. These results suggest that upregulation of the expression of AT1 receptor in macrophages contributes in part to upregulation of peroxide production. AT1 receptor antagonists may be useful to suppress oxidative stress of macrophages in atherosclerotic lesions.[1]


  1. Angiotensin II type 1 receptor-mediated peroxide production in human macrophages. Yanagitani, Y., Rakugi, H., Okamura, A., Moriguchi, K., Takiuchi, S., Ohishi, M., Suzuki, K., Higaki, J., Ogihara, T. Hypertension (1999) [Pubmed]
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