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Gene Review

IFNAR1  -  interferon (alpha, beta and omega) receptor 1

Bos taurus

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High impact information on IFNAR1

  • Soluble extracellular forms of IFNAR1 have lower AV activity than R2E on Madin-Darby bovine kidney cells but are less species-specific and protect wild-type L929 cells as efficiently as the transfected cell line, presumably by interacting with one of the murine receptor subunits [1].
  • Alternative splicing leads to the expression of multiple isoforms of the subunits (IFNAR1 and IFNAR2) of the type I IFN receptor [1].
  • Mutagenesis of any of five aromatic residues of bovine IFNAR-1 caused strong decreases in ligand binding, whereas mutagenesis of proximal neutral or charged residues had smaller effects [2].
  • We show that, while the binding of all three is substantially increased by the transfection of Bo IFNAR, it is accompanied by an increase in activity only in the case of alpha2 and alpha8 (IFNs that otherwise have little activity on mouse cells) [3].
  • Applying site-directed mutagenesis to an IFN hybrid; alpha8[60]alpha1[92]alpha8, we show that the point mutations K84 to E84 and Y90 to D90 act synergistically to cause the hybrid to behave as the parental IFN alpha8, switching the preference from Mu to Hu IFNAR in transfected mouse cells [3].

Biological context of IFNAR1

  • Although there is extensive inferred amino acid sequence similarity between bovine and ovine IFNAR1 (92% identity) and between bovine and ovine IFNAR2 (88% identity), they have diverged extensively from the human receptor subunits (approximately 67% and approximately 58% identity, respectively) [4].
  • The microsatellite INRA117 (D1S20) and the gene for interferon-alpha receptor (IFNAR) show maximum Lod scores of 2.1 and 1.8 at a recombination rate of zero [5].

Anatomical context of IFNAR1

  • To examine these differences, the bovine counterpart of the human IFNAR has been cloned and expressed in a human cell line [6].


  1. Antiviral activities of the soluble extracellular domains of type I interferon receptors. Han, C.S., Chen, Y., Ezashi, T., Roberts, R.M. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2001) [Pubmed]
  2. Identification of critical residues in bovine IFNAR-1 responsible for interferon binding. Cutrone, E.C., Langer, J.A. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. Domains of interaction between alpha interferon and its receptor components. Uzé, G., Di Marco, S., Mouchel-Vielh, E., Monneron, D., Bandu, M.T., Horisberger, M.A., Dorques, A., Lutfalla, G., Mogensen, K.E. J. Mol. Biol. (1994) [Pubmed]
  4. Molecular cloning of ovine and bovine type I interferon receptor subunits from uteri, and endometrial expression of messenger ribonucleic acid for ovine receptors during the estrous cycle and pregnancy. Han, C.S., Mathialagan, N., Klemann, S.W., Roberts, R.M. Endocrinology (1997) [Pubmed]
  5. New markers on bovine chromosome 1 are closely linked to the polled gene in Simmental and Pinzgauer cattle. Harlizius, B., Tammen, I., Eichler, K., Eggen, A., Hetzel, D.J. Mamm. Genome (1997) [Pubmed]
  6. Specific antiviral activities of the human alpha interferons are determined at the level of receptor (IFNAR) structure. Mouchel-Vielh, E., Lutfalla, G., Mogensen, K.E., Uzé, G. FEBS Lett. (1992) [Pubmed]
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