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Gene Review

DCD1  -  Dcd1p

Saccharomyces cerevisiae S288c

Synonyms: Deoxycytidylate deaminase, YHR144C, dCMP deaminase
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Disease relevance of DCD1

  • Comparison of the amino acid sequence of the T2 bacteriophage dCMP deaminase with that deduced for the yeast enzyme revealed a limited degree of homology which extends over the entire length of the phage polypeptide (188 amino acids) but is confined to the carboxy-terminal half of the yeast protein (312 amino acids) [1].
  • The gene convergent to luxG in Vibrio fischeri codes for a protein related in sequence to RibG and deoxycytidylate deaminase [2].

High impact information on DCD1

  • Despite the role of dCMP deaminase in dTTP biosynthesis, Northern analysis revealed that the DCD1 gene is not subject to the same cell cycle-dependent pattern of transcription recently found for the yeast thymidylate synthetase gene (TMP1) [1].
  • The dCMP deaminase gene (DCD1) of Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been isolated by screening a Sau3A clone bank for complementation of the dUMP auxotrophy exhibited by dcd1 dmp1 haploids [1].
  • Plasmid pDC3, containing a 7-kilobase (kb) Sau3A insert, restores dCMP deaminase activity to dcd1 mutants and leads to an average 17.5-fold overproduction of the enzyme in wild-type cells [1].
  • Disruption of the open reading frame by integrative transformation led to a loss of enzyme activity and confirmed that this region constitutes the dCMP deaminase gene [1].
  • Disruption of the dCMP deaminase (DCD1) gene, or provision of excess dTMP to a nucleotide-permeable strain, produced dramatic increases in the dCTP or dTTP pools, respectively, in growing cells of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae [3].

Biological context of DCD1

  • We have designated this new allele dcd1 . A strain exhibiting an auxotrophic requirement for dUMP was isolated after mutagenesis of a dcd1 tup7 haploid [4].
  • Genetic analysis revealed that this auxotrophic phenotype resulted from a combination of the dcd1 allele and a second, unlinked, nuclear mutation that we designated dmp1 . This allele, which by itself conveys no readily discernible phenotype, presumably impairs efficient synthesis of dUMP from UDP [4].
  • Although these events were the predominant type of spontaneous substitution in the dcd1 strain, they were more frequent after alkylation treatment and were distributed differently than the spontaneous GC-->CG transversions [5].
  • This gene codes for a polypeptide of 147 amino acids which is related in sequence to the polypeptide coded by the first gene (ribG) of the rib operon of Bacillus subtilis as well as deoxycytidylate deaminase of T4 bacteriophage and Saccharomyces cerevisiae [2].

Associations of DCD1 with chemical compounds


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