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MeSH Review


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Disease relevance of Tattooing

  • It is incumbent that preventionists address behaviors such as tattooing and body piercing as possible vectors for HIV transmission in addition to typical concerns (homosexuality, i.v. drug use, condom use and safer sex practices) [1].

High impact information on Tattooing

  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder, tattooing and bizarre sexual practices [2].
  • Pathologic studies were performed on two specimens of eyelid that had been treated with permanent eyeliner (tattooing with ferrous oxide), one specimen excised four days after injection of the pigment, and the other obtained 12 months later [3].
  • CONCLUSIONS: The most likely causative agent for the lichenoid reaction associated with use of commercial black henna for temporary tattooing, currently popular in Southeast Asia, is p-phenylenediamine [4].
  • Inflammatory bowel disease after India ink tattooing: too much of a good thing [5].
  • In one group, lesions were localized preoperatively by endoscopic India ink tattooing (n = 21; tattooed group, TG), while conventional methods were used in the others (n = 26; non-tattooed group, NTG) [6].

Associations of Tattooing with chemical compounds

  • METHODS: A six-year-old girl underwent corneal tattooing (platinum chloride reduced by hydrazine) in the relevant scarred corneal sector [7].
  • Beginning 6 hours after tattooing, A received no treatment, B was treated with petrolatum, C had imiquimod cream alternating with tretinoin gel, D had imiquimod cream alone, and E received tretinoin gel alone [8].
  • The movements of thymidine tattoos during septation were demonstrated in a series of 31 embryos, 14 fixed at 2 hours, 12 at 2 days, and 5 at 4 days following tattooing; similar results were seen in uridine and leucine labeled hearts [9].
  • Nipple-areola tattooing done with iron oxide and titanium dioxide pigments thus appears to be a reasonably safe and effective procedure in most patients but may require one or more subsequent touch-ups for appropriate color match [10].
  • Our one-stage method of nipple-areola reconstruction uses intradermal tattooing for pigmentation and double-opposing pennant flaps for nipple reconstruction [11].

Gene context of Tattooing


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Tattooing


  1. Risks associated with tattooing and body piercing. Braithwaite, R.L., Stephens, T., Sterk, C., Braithwaite, K. Journal of public health policy. (1999) [Pubmed]
  2. Obsessive-compulsive disorder, tattooing and bizarre sexual practices. Caplan, R., Komaromi, J., Rhodes, M. The British journal of psychiatry : the journal of mental science. (1996) [Pubmed]
  3. Light and electron microscopic findings with permanent eyeliner. Patipa, M., Jakobiec, F.A., Krebs, W. Ophthalmology (1986) [Pubmed]
  4. Clinicopathologic features of skin reactions to temporary tattoos and analysis of possible causes. Chung, W.H., Chang, Y.C., Yang, L.J., Hung, S.I., Wong, W.R., Lin, J.Y., Chan, H.L. Archives of dermatology. (2002) [Pubmed]
  5. Inflammatory bowel disease after India ink tattooing: too much of a good thing. Shatz, B.A., Weinstock, L.B., Thyssen, E.P. Gastrointest. Endosc. (2000) [Pubmed]
  6. The use of preoperative endoscopic tattooing in laparoscopic colorectal cancer surgery for endoscopically advanced tumors: a prospective comparative clinical study. Arteaga-González, I., Martín-Malagón, A., Fernández, E.M., Arranz-Durán, J., Parra-Blanco, A., Nicolas-Perez, D., Quintero-Carrión, E., Luis, H.D., Carrillo-Pallares, A. World journal of surgery. (2006) [Pubmed]
  7. Corneal tattooing for the treatment of debilitating glare in a child with traumatic iris loss. Khan, A.O., Meyer, D. Am. J. Ophthalmol. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Experimental nonsurgical tattoo removal in a guinea pig model with topical imiquimod and tretinoin. Solis, R.R., Diven, D.G., Colome-Grimmer, M.I., Snyder, N., Wagner, R.F. Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]. (2002) [Pubmed]
  9. Morphogenesis of the truncus arteriosus of the chick embryo heart: movements of autoradiographic tattoos during septation. Thompson, R.P., Abercrombie, V., Wong, M. Anat. Rec. (1987) [Pubmed]
  10. Long-term experience with nipple-areola tattooing. Spear, S.L., Arias, J. Annals of plastic surgery. (1995) [Pubmed]
  11. Nipple-areola reconstruction with intradermal tattoo and double-opposing pennant flaps. Hugo, N.E., Sultan, M.R., Hardy, S.P. Annals of plastic surgery. (1993) [Pubmed]
  12. Watchmaker's pin-vise for manual tattooing of vitiligo. Singal, A., Thami, G.P., Bhalla, M. Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]. (2004) [Pubmed]
  13. Ambulatory phlebectomy. Garde, C. Dermatologic surgery : official publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et al.]. (1995) [Pubmed]
  14. Tattoos and tattooing. Part II: Gross pathology, histopathology, medical complications, and applications. Sperry, K. The American journal of forensic medicine and pathology : official publication of the National Association of Medical Examiners. (1992) [Pubmed]
  15. Tattooing: a Nova Scotia experience. Peters, J.L., Caseley, C., Hiltz, B. Canadian journal of public health. Revue canadienne de santé publique. (1997) [Pubmed]
  16. Tattooing newborn albino mice in life-span experiments. Greenham, L.W. Lab. Anim. Sci. (1978) [Pubmed]
  17. New developments in hepatitis C. Reesink, H.W., Bresters, D., van der Poel, C.L., Cuypers, H.T., Lelie, P.N. Scand. J. Gastroenterol. Suppl. (1992) [Pubmed]
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