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Psychiatry related information on Individuation

  • The Separation Individuation Inventory (SII; Christenson and Wilson, J. Nerv. Ment. Dis., 173:561-565, 1985) was designed to assess adult psychopathology construed in terms of the concepts of separation and individuation (Mahler, Pine, and Bergman, The Psychological Birth of the Human Infant: Symbiosis and Individuation, 1975) [1].
  • Blos conceives of adolescent acting out as a part of attempts by adolescents to develop a coherent identity in what he refers to as a second individuation process [2].

High impact information on Individuation

  • Besides the lack of overt cartilage differentiation, pharyngeal arch condensations in jef (sox9a) mutants lacked three specific morphogenetic behaviors: the stacking of chondrocytes into orderly arrays, the individuation of pharyngeal cartilage organs and the proper shaping of individual cartilages [3].
  • The two models appeared consistent, the main aspects they had in common being (a) the individuation of the strongly negative contribution of the substituents in position 7 of tacrine and (b) a tentative assignment of the hydrophobic character to the favorable effect exerted by the substituents in position 6 [4].
  • Kanwisher (1987; J. Park & N. G. Kanwisher, 1994) has explained repetition blindness in terms of a distinction in visual perception between type activation and token individuation; repeated items are successfully recognized (matched to stored types) but are less likely than unrepeated items to become individuated as separate perceptual tokens [5].
  • Participants viewed photographs of unfamiliar Black and White faces, under each of three social goals: social categorization (by age), social individuation (vegetable preference), and simple visual inspection (detecting a dot) [6].
  • Individuation was measured by self-report using the intergenerational individuation subscale of the Personal Authority in the Family System Questionnaire [7].

Chemical compound and disease context of Individuation

  • The initial size of gold particles (10-20 nm) was increased (40-70 nm) by silver intensification for a better and rapid individuation of glycine positive cells at low magnification [8].
  • Transcripts of parent/child dyadic interactions during a vacation planning activity were analyzed using Condon, Cooper and Grotevant's (1984) Individuation Code [9].

Gene context of Individuation

  • Blos (1985) suggested that individuation perhaps necessarily includes the confirmation of the child's adult status by the same-sex parent, called "the blessing." Of the 281 late adolescents in the present study, 71.5% indicated they had received some type of blessing from a parent and described the event as meaningful [10].
  • In Part I the concept of a temporally 'extended theory' is introduced, which requires attention to the hitherto largely ignored issue of theory individuation [11].
  • Separate male and female analyses of the Spousal Fusion/Individuation model found a moderate effect for females and a large effect for males [12].
  • After clarifying some definitions, the author attempts to identify homosexuality through the sexual individuation process and to trace its various ontogenetic inconsistencies [13].
  • Results from Study 1 suggested that men's SE can be linked to a individuation process in which one's personal distinguishing achievements are emphasized [14].


  1. The Separation-Individuation Inventory. Association with borderline phenomena. Dolan, B.M., Evans, C., Norton, K. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. (1992) [Pubmed]
  2. Acting out and the narrative function: reconsidering Peter Blos's concept of the second individuation process. Lock, J. American journal of psychotherapy. (1995) [Pubmed]
  3. A zebrafish sox9 gene required for cartilage morphogenesis. Yan, Y.L., Miller, C.T., Nissen, R.M., Singer, A., Liu, D., Kirn, A., Draper, B., Willoughby, J., Morcos, P.A., Amsterdam, A., Chung, B.C., Westerfield, M., Haffter, P., Hopkins, N., Kimmel, C., Postlethwait, J.H., Nissen, R. Development (2002) [Pubmed]
  4. SAR of 9-amino-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroacridine-based acetylcholinesterase inhibitors: synthesis, enzyme inhibitory activity, QSAR, and structure-based CoMFA of tacrine analogues. Recanatini, M., Cavalli, A., Belluti, F., Piazzi, L., Rampa, A., Bisi, A., Gobbi, S., Valenti, P., Andrisano, V., Bartolini, M., Cavrini, V. J. Med. Chem. (2000) [Pubmed]
  5. Types and tokens unscathed: a reply to Whittlesea, Dorken, and Podrouzek (1995) and Whittlesea and Podrouzek (1995). Downing, P., Kanwisher, N. Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition. (1995) [Pubmed]
  6. Controlling racial prejudice: social-cognitive goals affect amygdala and stereotype activation. Wheeler, M.E., Fiske, S.T. Psychological science : a journal of the American Psychological Society / APS. (2005) [Pubmed]
  7. Intergenerational family relations and sexual risk behavior in young women. Tuttle, J., Landau, J., Stanton, M.D., King, K.U., Frodi, A. MCN. The American journal of maternal child nursing. (2004) [Pubmed]
  8. Characterization of tuberculo-ventral neurons in the dorsal cochlear nucleus of the guinea pig. Alibardi, L. J. Submicrosc. Cytol. Pathol. (1999) [Pubmed]
  9. Deaf and hearing parents' interactions with eldest hearing children. Jones, E.G., Dumas, R.E. American annals of the deaf. (1996) [Pubmed]
  10. The blessing as a rite of passage in adolescence. Bjornsen, C.A. Adolescence. (2000) [Pubmed]
  11. Theory change in immunology. Part II: The clonal selection theory. Schaffner, K.F. Theoretical medicine. (1992) [Pubmed]
  12. Intergenerational transmission: individuation and intimacy across three generations. Lawson, D.M., Brossart, D.F. Family process. (2001) [Pubmed]
  13. The sexoanalytical treatment of ego-dystonic homosexuality. Crépault, C. Journal of sex & marital therapy. (1995) [Pubmed]
  14. Gender and self-esteem. Josephs, R.A., Markus, H.R., Tafarodi, R.W. Journal of personality and social psychology. (1992) [Pubmed]
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