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MeSH Review

Personality Assessment

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Psychiatry related information on Personality Assessment

  • Neuropsychological tests included executive function, working memory, and episodic memory, whereas personality assessment relied on the Temperament and Character Inventory by Cloninger (Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1987;44:573-88) [1].
  • This comment article responds to 3 articles by Rorschach proponents in this issue of the Journal of Personality Assessment. Contrary to the claims of Gacono, Loving, and Bodholdt (this issue), CS scores do not bear a well-demonstrated relationship to psychopathy, antisocial personality disorder, or conduct disorder [2].
  • The present study examined the clinical utility and psychometric properties of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991) within a large sample of chronic pain patients [3].
  • Refining personality assessments by combining MCMI high point profiles and MCMI codes. Part III. MMPI code 24/42 [4].
  • Instruments used in the study included the following: (a) Antisocial Scale of the Personality Assessment Inventory (L. C. Morey, 1991); (b) Psychopathy Checklist--Revised (R. D. Hare, 1990); and (c) Antisocial scale of the Personality Disorder Examination (A. W. Loranger, 1988) [5].

High impact information on Personality Assessment

  • Recent reports suggest an association between the 5-HTT polymorphism and anxiety-related traits, as measured with personality assessment [6].
  • The Addiction Severity Index and NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule data of 20 methadone-maintained subjects with "fake bad" invalid profiles on the Personality Assessment Inventory, 15 methadone-maintained subjects with "fake good" invalid profiles, and 158 methadone-maintained subjects with valid profiles were compared [7].
  • METHODS: Participants contained in the International Brain Database, ( had completed three testing components including a web-based questionnaire of Personal History, the Brain Resource Cognition battery of Neuropsychological tests, Personality assessment and Psychophysiological testing [8].
  • As anticipated, the PICTS Confusion scale correlated with the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991) Negative Impression scale, whereas the PICTS Defensiveness scale paralleled the PAI Positive Impression scale [9].
  • He illustrates both idiographic and nomothetic approaches to indirect personality assessment through comparative analyses of Timothy McVeigh, an American who bombed the federal building in Oklahoma City in 1995, and Mohamed Atta, an Egyptian who led the airplane attacks against the World Trade Center and the Pentagon in 2001 [10].

Chemical compound and disease context of Personality Assessment

  • The accuracy of a classification equation (which combined scores on the Drug Problems, Alcohol Problems, and Positive Impression scales from the Personality Assessment Inventory [PAI], Morey, 1991), developed by Fals-Stewart (1996) to identify test-taking response sets among substance-abusing individuals, was evaluated [11].
  • The Personality Assessment System (PAS) is derived from certain subtest scores on any Wechsler test by rather simple calculations [12].
  • The case of a psychotic girl was described to show that personality assessment by the Initial Letter Word Association Test may be done by categorizing the subject's test associations according to the oral, anal, and phallic character traits [13].

Gene context of Personality Assessment


  1. Executive dysfunction, self, and ego pathology in schizophrenia: an exploratory study of neuropsychology and personality. Boeker, H., Kleiser, M., Lehman, D., Jaenke, L., Bogerts, B., Northoff, G. Comprehensive psychiatry. (2006) [Pubmed]
  2. Coming to grips with negative evidence for the Comprehensive System for the Rorschach: a comment on Gacono, Loving, and Bodholdt; Ganellen; and Bornstein. Wood, J.M., Lilienfeld, S.O., Nezworski, M.T., Garb, H.N. Journal of personality assessment. (2001) [Pubmed]
  3. The Personality Assessment Inventory with chronic pain patients: Psychometric properties and clinical utility. Karlin, B.E., Creech, S.K., Grimes, J.S., Clark, T.S., Meagher, M.W., Morey, L.C. Journal of clinical psychology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  4. Refining personality assessments by combining MCMI high point profiles and MCMI codes. Part III. MMPI code 24/42. Antoni, M., Tischer, P., Levine, J., Green, C., Millon, T. Journal of personality assessment. (1985) [Pubmed]
  5. Construct validity of psychopathy in a female offender sample: a multitrait-multimethod evaluation. Salekin, R.T., Rogers, R., Sewell, K.W. Journal of abnormal psychology. (1997) [Pubmed]
  6. Lack of genetic linkage or association between a functional serotonin transporter polymorphism and panic disorder. Hamilton, S.P., Heiman, G.A., Haghighi, F., Mick, S., Klein, D.F., Hodge, S.E., Weissman, M.M., Fyer, A.J., Knowles, J.A. Psychiatr. Genet. (1999) [Pubmed]
  7. Evidence for response set effects in structured research interviews. Alterman, A.I., Snider, E.C., Cacciola, J.S., Brown, L.S., Zaballero, A., Siddiqui, N. J. Nerv. Ment. Dis. (1996) [Pubmed]
  8. Predicting severity of non-clinical depression: preliminary findings using an integrated approach. Kemp, A.H., Hopkinson, P.J., Stephan, B.C., Clark, C.R., Gordon, E., Bryant, R.A., Williams, L.M. J. Integr. Neurosci. (2006) [Pubmed]
  9. Construct validity of the psychological inventory of criminal thinking styles in relationship to the PAI, disciplinary adjustment, and program completion. Walters, G.D., Geyer, M.D. Journal of personality assessment. (2005) [Pubmed]
  10. Indirect personality assessment of the violent true believer. Meloy, J.R. Journal of personality assessment. (2004) [Pubmed]
  11. Identifying positive dissimulation by substance-abusing individuals on the Personality Assessment Inventory: a cross-validation study. Fals-Stewart, W., Lucente, S. Journal of personality assessment. (1997) [Pubmed]
  12. Prediction of differences in Rorschach protocols from the Personality Assessment System. Lumpkin, V.G., Pasternak, R.J., Cooper, G.D., Pasnak, R. Perceptual and motor skills. (1986) [Pubmed]
  13. Personality assessment by Initial-Letter Word-Association Test. Zivković, M. Perceptual and motor skills. (1980) [Pubmed]
  14. The factor structure of the Personality Assessment Inventory-Borderline Features (PAI-BOR) Scale in a nonclinical sample. Jackson, K.M., Trull, T.J. J. Personal. Disord. (2001) [Pubmed]
  15. Correlations between the Hand Test Pathology score and Personality Assessment Inventory scales for pain clinic patients. George, J.M., Wagner, E.E. Perceptual and motor skills. (1995) [Pubmed]
  16. Construct validity of psychopathy in a community sample: a nomological net approach. Salekin, R.T., Trobst, K.K., Krioukova, M. J. Personal. Disord. (2001) [Pubmed]
  17. Personality assessment of children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Lufi, D., Parish-Plass, J. Journal of clinical psychology. (1995) [Pubmed]
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