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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
MeSH Review

Speech Therapy

 
 
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Disease relevance of Speech Therapy

  • While George Franklin Grant may be known as the second African American dental graduate and the inventor of the golf tee, it is not generally known that he was one of the pioneers in cleft palate and speech therapy, a longtime faculty member of Harvard University's dental school, and the founder of the Harvard Odontological Society [1].
  • Classification of child stuttering: Part II. Persistent late onset male stuttering, and treatment issues for persistent stutterers--psychotherapy or speech therapy, or both [2]?
 

High impact information on Speech Therapy

  • We report the dysmorphological, genetic, and speech therapy aspects of 38 cases of velocardiofacial syndrome presenting to a craniofacial clinic and a specialised children's hospital, to indicate a relatively low incidence of clefting, good response to pharyngoplasty, considerable variability of the syndrome, and two further familial cases [3].
  • Gender differences in speech therapy were significant only for the children without ADHD [4].
  • She received pharmacologic (thioridazine), educational and speech therapy [5].
  • RESULTS.: The Digit Symbol Substitution Test, assessing learning speed and processing speed, correlated significantly with speech therapy time in the first (p = .002) and third (p = .014) postoperative years, respectively [6].
  • One year after her TMS treatments, she entered speech therapy with continued improvement [7].
 

Biological context of Speech Therapy

  • Participants in SRP (n=29) received comprehensive neurorehabilitation consisting primarily of physical therapy, occupational therapy, speech therapy, and neuropsychologic treatment [8].
 

Associations of Speech Therapy with chemical compounds

  • Recently promising results were obtained in the treatment of dysphasic patients with a combination of speech therapy and piracetam 4.8 g/d, especially when given during the first months after the stroke, or otherwise in combination with an intensive speech training [9].
  • CONCLUSIONS: These data support previous studies indicating an accelerated acquisition of speech and language abilities in stroke patients receiving traditional speech therapy in combination with d-amphetamine [10].
  • The patients averaged 3 months of language gain for each week of speech therapy directly after the initiation of haloperidol treatment for tics [11].
  • Autogenous posterior pharyngeal wall augmentation, using a rolled superiorly based pharyngeal myomucosal flap, was performed on 14 patients, between November of 1989 and June of 1992, who fulfilled two criteria: velopharyngeal dysfunction unresponsive to speech therapy and a small (< 20 percent) coronal gap on velopharyngeal nasendoscopy [12].
  • Treatment with neomercazole resulted in good control of their hyperkinetic behavior and subsequent improvement in language function attributable to an increased attention span, thereby facilitating speech therapy [13].
 

Gene context of Speech Therapy

  • PATIENTS: Five percent random sample of Medicare beneficiaries who used any institutionally based Part B physical, occupational, or speech therapy during the calendar years 1987 to 1990 [14].
  • Only a small number of patients, 3% of the PD and 2% of the MS group, had received any speech therapy [15].
  • The Speech Therapy Clinical Unit at the University of Central England in Birmingham (UCE) offered multidisciplinary, in-depth assessment of such children to speech and language therapists, parents and other professions involved in their management [16].
  • Four adolescents with moderate to severe sensorineural hearing losses and moderately unintelligible speech participated in a 14-week speech therapy study using two dynamic visual feedback technologies, electropalatography and ultrasound imaging [17].
  • The subjects were 13 children who lateralized /s/ and /z/, substituted /theta/ for /s/ and /delta/ for /z/, and/or substituted /w/ for /r/. The children attended public school speech therapy, individually or in small groups, twice weekly for 15- to 20-min sessions throughout the entire study [18].
 

Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Speech Therapy

References

  1. George Franklin Grant, DMD: renaissance man. Hyson, J.M. Journal of the California Dental Association. (2002) [Pubmed]
  2. Classification of child stuttering: Part II. Persistent late onset male stuttering, and treatment issues for persistent stutterers--psychotherapy or speech therapy, or both? Gemelli, R.J. Child psychiatry and human development. (1982) [Pubmed]
  3. Velocardiofacial (Shprintzen) syndrome: an important syndrome for the dysmorphologist to recognise. Lipson, A.H., Yuille, D., Angel, M., Thompson, P.G., Vandervoord, J.G., Beckenham, E.J. J. Med. Genet. (1991) [Pubmed]
  4. Gender differences in ADHD subtype comorbidity. Levy, F., Hay, D.A., Bennett, K.S., McStephen, M. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (2005) [Pubmed]
  5. Autistic-like findings associated with a urea cycle disorder in a 4-year-old girl. Görker, I., Tüzün, U. Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. Does cognitive function influence alaryngeal speech rehabilitation? Ho, T.P., Gray, J., Ratcliffe, A.A., Rees, S., Rockey, J., Wight, R.G. Head & neck. (2006) [Pubmed]
  7. Improved naming after TMS treatments in a chronic, global aphasia patient--case report. Naeser, M.A., Martin, P.I., Nicholas, M., Baker, E.H., Seekins, H., Helm-Estabrooks, N., Cayer-Meade, C., Kobayashi, M., Theoret, H., Fregni, F., Tormos, J.M., Kurland, J., Doron, K.W., Pascual-Leone, A. Neurocase : case studies in neuropsychology, neuropsychiatry, and behavioural neurology. (2005) [Pubmed]
  8. Community integration and satisfaction with functioning after intensive cognitive rehabilitation for traumatic brain injury. Cicerone, K.D., Mott, T., Azulay, J., Friel, J.C. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. (2004) [Pubmed]
  9. Interaction between psychological and pharmacological treatment in cognitive impairment. Deberdt, W. Life Sci. (1994) [Pubmed]
  10. Pharmacological enhancement of aural habilitation in adult cochlear implant users. Tobey, E.A., Devous, M.D., Buckley, K., Overson, G., Harris, T., Ringe, W., Martinez-Verhoff, J. Ear and hearing. (2005) [Pubmed]
  11. A treatable language disorder: pharmacological treatment of pervasive developmental disorder. Fisher, W., Kerbeshian, J., Burd, L. Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP. (1986) [Pubmed]
  12. Surgical management of velopharyngeal dysfunction: outcome analysis of autogenous posterior pharyngeal wall augmentation. Witt, P.D., O'Daniel, T.G., Marsh, J.L., Grames, L.M., Muntz, H.R., Pilgram, T.K. Plast. Reconstr. Surg. (1997) [Pubmed]
  13. Subclinical hyperthyroidism and hyperkinetic behavior in children. Suresh, P.A., Sebastian, S., George, A., Radhakrishnan, K. Pediatric neurology. (1999) [Pubmed]
  14. Charges for outpatient rehabilitation: growth and differences in provider types. Buchanan, J.L., Rumpel, J.D., Hoenig, H. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. (1996) [Pubmed]
  15. Speech and swallowing symptoms associated with Parkinson's disease and multiple sclerosis: a survey. Hartelius, L., Svensson, P. Folia phoniatrica et logopaedica : official organ of the International Association of Logopedics and Phoniatrics (IALP). (1994) [Pubmed]
  16. Modelling the consultation process in a secondary referral unit for children. David, R., Whitehouse, J. International journal of language & communication disorders / Royal College of Speech & Language Therapists. (1998) [Pubmed]
  17. Speech habilitation of hard of hearing adolescents using electropalatography and ultrasound as evaluated by trained listeners. Bernhardt, B., Gick, B., Bacsfalvi, P., Ashdown, J. Clinical linguistics & phonetics. (2003) [Pubmed]
  18. Programming rapid generalization of correct articulation through self-monitoring procedures. Koegel, L.K., Koegel, R.L., Ingham, J.C. The Journal of speech and hearing disorders. (1986) [Pubmed]
 
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