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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Terbinafine. A pharmacoeconomic evaluation of its use in superficial fungal infections.

Terbinafine is an orally and topically active allylamine antifungal drug which is an effective and well tolerated therapy for a wide range of superficial dermatophyte infections. In contrast to most other commonly prescribed antifungal agents, terbinafine is fungicidal in vitro and possesses improved pharmacokinetic properties with respect to drug penetration into nail tissue following oral administration. These properties enable terbinafine to achieve high success rates with shortened therapy regimens in the treatment of dermatophyte skin infections and onychomycosis. Pharmacoeconomic analyses have shown that oral terbinafine, with its higher rates of clinical efficacy and lower rates of relapse/reinfection, is less costly and more cost effective than oral griseofulvin, ketoconazole and itraconazole when used as initial therapy in the treatment of onychomycosis. However, some points regarding the clinical efficacy of itraconazole relative to terbinafine and the drug treatment regimens used in these studies need further clarification. In the management of tinea pedis, a cost analysis suggested that initial therapy with terbinafine 1% cream was more costly than initial therapy with miconazole, oxiconazole or clotrimazole. However, in cost-effectiveness studies, terbinafine had a lower cost per disease-free day than ciclopirox, clotrimazole, ketoconazole and miconazole in the treatment of dermatophyte skin infections. In conclusion, available clinical and pharmacoeconomic data support the use of topical terbinafine as first-line treatment of dermatophyte skin infections unless the acquisition cost of terbinafine is markedly greater than that of alternative topical antifungal agents. Oral terbinafine can be recommended as a cost-effective first-line treatment, preferable to oral griseofulvin, ketoconazole and itraconazole, in patients with dermatophyte onychomycosis.[1]


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