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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Induction of cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis by a novel retinobenzoic-acid derivative, TAC-101, in human pancreatic-cancer cells.

In this study, we investigated the effect of a novel retinobenzoic acid, 4-[3,5-bis (trimethylsilyl) benzamido] benzoic acid (TAC-101), on the growth of 4 human pancreatic-cancer cell lines; BxPC-3, MIAPaCa-2, CFPAC-1 and AsPC-1. TAC-101 significantly inhibited the proliferation of BxPC-3 and MIAPaCa-2 cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner, but not the proliferation of AsPC-1 cells. Furthermore, the anti-proliferative effects of TAC-101 on BxPC-3 and MIAPaCa-2 cells were stronger than those of all-trans retinoic acid. Flow-cytometric analyses indicated that treatment of BxPC-3 with TAC-101 strongly induces cell-cycle arrest at the G1 phase. The cell-cycle arrest induced by TAC-101 was accompanied by reduction of retinoblastoma-gene product (RB) phosphorylation and an increase of 2 cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitors, p21(WAF1/Cip1) ( p21) and p27Kip1 (p27). TAC-101 also caused a decrease in cyclin A and thymidylate synthase, which are E2F-regulated gene products. No changes were observed in the expression of cyclin D1, cyclin E on CDK2. In addition, Hoechst staining, gel electrophoresis and flow-cytometric analysis indicated that a marked reduction in the number of BxPC-3 cells with TAC-101 was related to the induction of apoptosis. Our results suggest that TAC-101 inhibits the growth of certain pancreatic-cancer cells by means of G1-phase cell-cycle arrest resulting from the reduction of RB phosphorylation and the up-regulation of p21 and p27 as well as the induction of apoptosis. TAC-101 may therefore be a useful agent for new therapeutic strategies focusing on inhibition of pancreatic-cancer-cell proliferation.[1]


  1. Induction of cell-cycle arrest and apoptosis by a novel retinobenzoic-acid derivative, TAC-101, in human pancreatic-cancer cells. Fujimoto, K., Hosotani, R., Doi, R., Wada, M., Lee, J.U., Koshiba, T., Miyamoto, Y., Tsuji, S., Nakajima, S., Imamura, M. Int. J. Cancer (1999) [Pubmed]
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