The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Apstatin analogue inhibitors of aminopeptidase P, a bradykinin-degrading enzyme.

Membrane-bound aminopeptidase P (AP-P) participates in the degradation of bradykinin in several vascular beds. We have developed an inhibitor of AP-P called apstatin (1) (N-[(2S, 3R)-3-amino-2-hydroxy-4-phenyl-butanoyl]-L-prolyl-L-prolyl-L-al aninam ide); IC50,human = 2.9 microM. In the rat, apstatin can potentiate the vasodilatory effect of bradykinin, reduce blood pressure in an aortic-coarctation model of hypertension, and reduce cardiac damage and arrhythmias induced by ischemia/reperfusion. In this study, we have determined structure-activity relationships for apstatin analogues as well as for other chemical classes of inhibitors using AP-P isozymes from different sources. The most potent inhibitor was one in which the N-terminal residue of apstatin was replaced with a (2S,3R)-3-amino-2-hydroxy-5-methyl-hexanoyl residue (6, IC50,human = 0.23 microM). The (2R,3S)-analogue of 6 was equipotent with 6 while the (2S,3S)- and (2R,3R)-analogues were considerably less potent. Apstatin analogues lacking the L-alanine or having hydroxyproline in place of the proline in the second position had reduced affinity. Certain thiol-, carboxylalkyl-, and hydroxamate-containing compounds were inhibitory in the low micromolar range. Human cytosolic AP-P isozymes and Escherichia coli AP-P exhibited different inhibitor profiles than mammalian membrane-bound AP-P isozymes. The effects of the compounds on X-Pro dipeptidase (prolidase) and leucyl aminopeptidase are also presented.[1]


  1. Apstatin analogue inhibitors of aminopeptidase P, a bradykinin-degrading enzyme. Maggiora, L.L., Orawski, A.T., Simmons, W.H. J. Med. Chem. (1999) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities