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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

N-cadherin/catenin-based costameres in cultured chicken cardiomyocytes.

N-cadherin is a member of the Ca(2+)-dependent cell adhesion molecules and plays an important role in the assembly of the adherens junction in chicken cardiomyocytes. In addition to being present at the cell-cell junction, N-cadherin is associated with costameres in extrajunctional regions. The significance of the N-cadherin-associated costameres and whether catenins are components of costameres in chicken cardiomyocytes are not known. In this study, double-labeling immunofluorescence microscopy was used to determine the extrajunctional distribution of both N-cadherin and its cytoplasmic associated proteins, alpha- and beta-catenins, and their relationship to myofibrillar Z-disc alpha-actinin. N-cadherin, alpha-, and beta-catenins were all found to be present at the extrajunctional region and, in some cases, were codistributed with myofibrillar alpha-actinin exhibiting a periodic staining pattern. Confocal microscopy confirmed that both N-cadherin and beta-catenin colocalized with peripheral myofibrillar alpha-actinin on the dorsal surface of cardiomyocytes as components of the costameres. Intracellular application of antibodies specific for the cytoplasmic portions of N-cadherin, alpha-, and beta-catenin, either by electroporation or microinjection, resulted in myofibril disorganization and disassembly. These results suggest the existence of N-cadherin/catenin-based costameres in the dorsal surface of cultured chicken cardiomyocytes in addition to the integrin/vinculin-based costameres found in the ventral surface and indicate that the former set of costameres is essential for cardiac myofibrillogenesis.[1]


  1. N-cadherin/catenin-based costameres in cultured chicken cardiomyocytes. Wu, J.C., Chung, T.H., Tseng, Y.Z., Wang, S.M. J. Cell. Biochem. (1999) [Pubmed]
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