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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

A case of malignant lymphoma producing autoantibody against platelet glycoprotein Ib.

A 61-year-old woman was referred to our hospital for refractory thrombocytopenia (3 x 10(3)/microliter) and massive melena. Bone marrow aspiration revealed normal cellularity and increased megakaryocytes (250/microliter). An abdominal computerized axial tomography scan showed isodensity masses on both adrenal glands. 67 Ga-scintigraphy exhibited strong uptake into the bilateral adrenal tumor and mediastinal region. IgM-type antibody against platelet glycoprotein Ib (GpIb) was detected in the patient's serum. A needle biopsy of the right adrenal tumor was performed, and histology was non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL), diffuse large B-cell type. Following the diagnosis of autoimmune thrombocytopenia associated with lymphoma, administration of corticosteroid (predonisolone 60 mg/day) and high-dose intravenous globulin (15 g/day x 4 days) was carried out, but neither was effective in normalizing the thrombocytopenia. Immunosuppressive therapy (cyclophosphamide 500 mg and 1 mg of vincristine) markedly restored the platelet counts to 7.2 x 10(4)/microliter and ceased the melena; furthermore, the size of adrenal tumors decreased by more than 60% after therapy. We cultured the lymphoma cells drawn by needle biopsy with IL-6 in vitro and found that the lymphoma cells produced IgM-type antiplatelet antibodies against platelet GpIb in the culture supernatant. Thus this is a rare case of NHL in which the production of antiplatelet antibody from lymphoma cells was confirmed in vitro.[1]

References

  1. A case of malignant lymphoma producing autoantibody against platelet glycoprotein Ib. Nobuoka, A., Sakamaki, S., Kogawa, K., Fujikawa, K., Takahashi, M., Hirayama, Y., Takayanagi, N., Ikeda, H., Sekiguchi, S., Niitsu, Y. Int. J. Hematol. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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