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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Regulation of HSD17B1 and SRD5A1 in lymphocytes.

We previously reported lymphocyte expression of genes encoding enzymes required for steroid metabolism; however, only 17beta-HSD and 5alpha-reductase showed significant enzyme activity. We now investigate regulation of lymphocyte expression for genes encoding 17beta-HSD and 5alpha-reductase. Cultured human T and B lymphoid cell lines and peripheral blood mononuclear cells were treated with known regulators of steroidogenic gene expression including forskolin, PMA, ionomycin, various steroids, interleukin (IL)-4, and IL-6. Treatment with 10 or 50 microM forskolin resulted in a 20-60% reduction of expression for HSD17B1 (encoding 17beta-HSD I) in T and B lymphoid cell lines and peripheral blood mononuclear cells, although such a change was not observed in the expression of SRD5A1 (encoding 5alpha-reductase I). No significant changes were found when cells were treated for 24 h with various concentrations of PMA or ionomycin. Incubation with 10(-9) to 10(-7) M androstenedione or estradiol increased expression of HSD17B1, while testosterone decreased the expression of this gene. SRD5A1 expression was increased in the presence of 5alpha-DHT although no consistent changes were observed when the cells were treated with testosterone. Other steroids, including dexamethasone, progesterone, and 6-hydroxypregnanolone, produced no effects on expression of either HSD17B1 or SRD5A1. Treatment with 0.1-10 ng/ml of IL-4 or IL-6 also did not effect significant changes in gene expression. These data implicate the involvement of the cAMP-protein kinase signal transduction pathway in regulating lymphocyte expression of HSD17B1. Furthermore, it appears that lymphocyte HSD17B1 and SRD5A1 are regulated to some extent by specific steroids.[1]

References

  1. Regulation of HSD17B1 and SRD5A1 in lymphocytes. Zhou, Z., Speiser, P.W. Mol. Genet. Metab. (1999) [Pubmed]
 
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