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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Eosinophil chemotactic chemokines (eotaxin, eotaxin-2, RANTES, monocyte chemoattractant protein-3 (MCP-3), and MCP-4), and C-C chemokine receptor 3 expression in bronchial biopsies from atopic and nonatopic (Intrinsic) asthmatics.

Atopic (AA) and nonatopic (NAA) asthma are characterized by chronic inflammation and local tissue eosinophilia. Many C-C chemokines are potent eosinophil chemoattractants and act predominantly via the CCR3. We examined the expression of eotaxin, eotaxin-2, RANTES, monocyte chemoattractant protein-3 (MCP-3), MCP-4, and CCR3 in the bronchial mucosa from atopic (AA) and nonatopic (intrinsic; NAA) asthmatics and compared our findings with atopic (AC) and nonatopic nonasthmatic controls (NC). Cryostat sections were processed for immunohistochemistry (IHC), in situ hybridization ( ISH), and double IHC/ ISH. Compared with AC and NC, the numbers of EG2+ cells and the cells expressing mRNA for eotaxin, eotaxin-2, RANTES, MCP-3, MCP-4, and CCR3 were significantly increased in AA and NAA (p < 0.01). Nonsignificant differences in these variants were observed between AA and NAA and between AC and NC. Significant correlations between the cells expressing eotaxin or CCR3 and EG2+ eosinophils in the bronchial tissue were also observed for both AA (p < 0.01) and NAA (p = 0.01). Moreover, in the total asthmatic group (AA + NAA) there was a significant inverse correlation between the expression of eotaxin and that of the histamine PC20 (p < 0.05). Sequential IHC/ ISH showed that cytokeratin+ epithelial cells, CD31+ endothelial cells, and CD68+ macrophages were the major sources of eotaxin, eotaxin-2, RANTES, MCP-3, and MCP-4. There was no significantly different distribution of cells expressing mRNA for these chemokines between atopic and nonatopic asthma. These findings suggest that multiple C-C chemokines, acting at least in part via CCR3, contribute to bronchial eosinophilia in both atopic and nonatopic asthma.[1]


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