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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mu and kappa1 opioid-stimulated [35S]guanylyl-5'-O-(gamma-thio)-triphosphate binding in cynomolgus monkey brain.

Agonist-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding allows the visualization of receptor-activated G-proteins, thus revealing the anatomical localization of functional receptor activity. In the present study, agonist-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding was used to demonstrate mu and kappa1 opioid-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding in tissue sections and membranes from cynomolgus monkey brain using DAMGO and U50,488H, respectively. Concentrations of agonists required to produce maximal stimulation of [35S]GTPgammaS binding were determined in membranes from the frontal poles of the brain. Receptor specificity was verified in both membranes and sections by inhibiting agonist-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding with the appropriate antagonist. Mu opioid-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding was high in areas including the amygdala, ventral striatum, caudate, putamen, medial thalamus and hypothalamus. Dense mu-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding was also found in brainstem nuclei including the interpeduncular nucleus, parabrachial nucleus and nucleus of the solitary tract. Kappa1 opioid-stimulated [35S]GTPgammaS binding was high in limbic and association cortex, ventral striatum, caudate, putamen, globus pallidus, claustrum, amygdala, hypothalamus and substantia nigra. These results demonstrate the applicability of [35S]GTPgammaS autoradiography to examine receptor-activated G-proteins in the primate brain and reveal functional mu and kappa1 opioid receptor activity that may contribute to the reported central nervous system effects of opiates.[1]


  1. Mu and kappa1 opioid-stimulated [35S]guanylyl-5'-O-(gamma-thio)-triphosphate binding in cynomolgus monkey brain. Sim-Selley, L.J., Daunais, J.B., Porrino, L.J., Childers, S.R. Neuroscience (1999) [Pubmed]
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