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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

beta(2)-adrenergic receptor overexpression exacerbates development of heart failure after aortic stenosis.

BACKGROUND: Beta-adrenergic signaling is downregulated in the failing heart, and the significance of such change remains unclear. METHODS AND RESULTS: To address the role of beta-adrenergic dysfunction in heart failure (HF), aortic stenosis (AS) was induced in wild-type (WT) and transgenic (TG) mice with cardiac targeted overexpression of beta(2)-adrenergic receptors (ARs), and animals were studied 9 weeks later. The extents of increase in systolic arterial pressure (P<0.01 versus controls), left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy (TG, 94+/-6 to 175+/-7 mg; WT, 110+/-6 to 168+/-10 mg; both P<0.01), and expression of ANP mRNA were similar between TG and WT mice with AS. TG mice had higher incidences of premature death and critical illness due to heart failure (75% versus 23%), pleural effusion (81% versus 45%), and left atrial thrombosis (81% versus 36%, all P<0.05). A more extensive focal fibrosis was found in the hypertrophied LV of TG mice (P<0.05). These findings indicate a more severe LV dysfunction in TG mice. In sham-operated mice, LV dP/dt(max) and heart rate were markedly higher in TG than WT mice (both P<0.01). dP/dt(max) was lower in both AS groups than in sham-operated controls, and this tended to be more pronounced in TG than WT mice (-32+/-5% versus -16+/-6%, P=0.059), although dP/dt(max) remained higher in TG than WT groups (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Elevated cardiac beta-adrenergic activity by beta(2)-AR overexpression leads to functional deterioration after pressure overload.[1]


  1. beta(2)-adrenergic receptor overexpression exacerbates development of heart failure after aortic stenosis. Du, X.J., Autelitano, D.J., Dilley, R.J., Wang, B., Dart, A.M., Woodcock, E.A. Circulation (2000) [Pubmed]
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