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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Familial dyserythropoietic anaemia and thrombocytopenia due to an inherited mutation in GATA1.

Haematopoietic development is regulated by nuclear protein complexes that coordinate lineage-specific patterns of gene expression. Targeted mutagenesis in embryonic stem cells and mice has revealed roles for the X-linked gene Gata1 in erythrocyte and megakaryocyte differentiation. GATA-1 is the founding member of a family of DNA-binding proteins that recognize the motif WGATAR through a conserved multifunctional domain consisting of two C4-type zinc fingers. Here we describe a family with X-linked dyserythropoietic anaemia and thrombocytopenia due to a substitution of methionine for valine at amino acid 205 of GATA-1. This highly conserved valine is necessary for interaction of the amino-terminal zinc finger of GATA-1 with its essential cofactor, FOG-1 (for friend of GATA-1; refs 9-12). We show that the V205M mutation abrogates the interaction between Gata-1 and Fog-1, inhibiting the ability of Gata-1 to rescue erythroid differentiation in an erythroid cell line deficient for Gata-1 (G1E). Our findings underscore the importance of FOG-1:Gata-1 associations in both megakaryocyte and erythroid development, and suggest that other X-linked anaemias or thrombocytopenias may be caused by defects in GATA1.[1]


  1. Familial dyserythropoietic anaemia and thrombocytopenia due to an inherited mutation in GATA1. Nichols, K.E., Crispino, J.D., Poncz, M., White, J.G., Orkin, S.H., Maris, J.M., Weiss, M.J. Nat. Genet. (2000) [Pubmed]
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