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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Quantification of somatic and spermatogenic cell proliferation in the testes of ruminants, using a proliferation marker and flow cytometry analysis.

We compared 2 methods for the quantification of proliferation in somatic and spermatogenic compartments of post mortem-collected testes in cattle and roe deer. Proliferation was evaluated by estimation of the tissue polypeptid specific antigen (TPS) using an ELISA. This proliferation-specific marker was detected in homogenized cells after selective enrichment of different cell types by density gradient centrifugation. The haploid, diploid and tetraploid cells were monitored by one-parameter flow cytometry and analyzed for mitotic cell cycle. Somatic and spermatogenic cells were discriminated by dual-parameter flow cytometry after DNA staining with propidium iodide and selective labelling of stromatic cells with a vimentin antibody. The TPS was related to the ploidy of cells and their somatic or spermatogenic type. High concentrations of TPS were found in both species. The TPS values varied with different contents of spermatogenic and somatic cells in the fractions of the density gradient. The TPS was positively correlated with spermatogenic cells in the G2/M phase of mitotic cycle (r = 0.474; P < 0.01) and negatively correlated with somatic cells (r = -0.676; P < 0.0001) in roe deer (n = 40). Discrimination of germinative and stromatic cells in the G2-M phase showed their varying proliferation during the annual cycle in roe deer. The quantification of tetraploid spermatogenic cells allowed the calculation of an exact meiotic transformation (ratio haploid:tetraploid cells). In conclusion, TPS indicates proliferation in the germinative compartment of the testes. However, this marker provides only relative values, without information on the number and type of proliferating cells. Dual-parameter flow cytometry using specific staining for vimentin proves to be a better method for studying changing mitotic and meiotic steps during the involution and recrudescence of testes in seasonally breeding ruminants, as it relates proliferative processes directly to both spermatogenic and somatic cells.[1]


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