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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of peritonitis on peritoneal transport characteristics: glucose solution versus polyglucose solution.

BACKGROUND: Peritonitis is a common clinical problem and contributes to the high rate of technique failure in continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis treatment. The present study investigated the effect of peritonitis on peritoneal fluid and solute transport characteristics using glucose and polyglucose (icodextrin) solutions. METHODS: A four-hour dwell was performed in 32 Sprague-Dawley rats (8 rats in each group), with 131I albumin as an intraperitoneal volume marker. Peritonitis was induced by an intraperitoneal injection of 2 mL lipopolysaccharide (100 microg/mL phosphate-buffered saline) four hours before the dwell. Each rat was intraperitoneally infused with 25 mL of 3.86% glucose [glucose solution control group (Gcon) and glucose solution peritonitis group (Gpts)] or 7.5% icodextrin solution [icodextrin solution control group (Pgcon) and icodextrin peritonitis group (PGpts)]. RESULTS: Net ultrafiltration was significantly lower (by 44%) in the Gpts as compared with the Gcon group, but was significantly higher (by 138%) in the PGpts as compared with the PGcon group. The peritoneal fluid absorption rate, including the direct lymphatic absorption rate, was significantly increased (by 78%) in the Gpts group as compared with the Gcon group. However, the total fluid absorption did not differ between the PGpts and the PGcon groups. The dialysate osmolality decreased much faster in the Gpts group as compared with the Gcon group, resulting in significantly lower (by 9%) transcapillary ultrafiltration in the Gpts group. In contrast, the dialysate osmolality increased faster in the PGpts group as compared with the PGcon group, resulting in higher (by 40%) transcapillary ultrafiltration in the PGpts group. The in vitro increase in dialysate osmolality was also higher in the PGpts group as compared with the PGcon group. The solute diffusive transport rates were, in general, increased in the two peritonitis groups as compared with their respective control groups. CONCLUSIONS: Our results suggest the following: (1) Peritonitis results in decreased net ultrafiltration using glucose solution caused by (a) decreased transcapillary ultrafiltration and (b) increased peritoneal fluid absorption. (2) Ultrafiltration induced by the icodextrin solution appears to be related to the increase in dialysate osmolality (mainly because of the degradation of icodextrin). (3) Peritonitis results in increased degradation of icodextrin and a faster increase in dialysate osmolality and therefore better ultrafiltration, whereas the fluid absorption rate does not change. (4) Peritonitis results in increased peritoneal diffusive permeability.[1]


  1. Effect of peritonitis on peritoneal transport characteristics: glucose solution versus polyglucose solution. Wang, T., Cheng, H.H., Heimbürger, O., Waniewski, J., Bergström, J., Lindholm, B. Kidney Int. (2000) [Pubmed]
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