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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The role of nitric oxide in the responses of the ovine digital artery to vasoactive agents and modification of these responses by endotoxin and cytokines.

1. Laminitis, an important cause of lameness in domestic ungulates, occurs as a result of altered digital perfusion. Endotoxin and cytokines may mediate the vascular derangements observed through alterations in nitric oxide production. In this study, the vascular responses of the isolated ovine digital artery were examined and the influence of endotoxin and cytokines investigated. 2. Neither removal of the endothelium nor incubation with N(G)-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME, 300 microM) altered the response to phenylephrine (PE, 1 nM to 300 microM). Indomethacin (10 microM) decreased PE log EC(50) from -6.22+/-0.08 to -6.55+/-0.07. Acetylcholine (1 nM to 1 mM) and bradykinin (BK, 100 pM to 3 microM) induced endothelium-dependent relaxation. Bradykinin-induced relaxation was reduced by L-NAME, E(max) falling from -61.7+/-7.4 to -34.0+/-2.1%. Addition of indomethacin further reduced BK E(max) to -9.6+/-2.8%. Sodium nitroprusside (1 nM to 300 microM) produced endothelium-independent relaxation that was unaffected by L-NAME or indomethacin. 3. Following a 6 h incubation with endotoxin (3 microml(-1)), arterial responses to PE and BK did not differ from polymyxin B-treated controls (10 microg ml(-1)). Arteries incubated for 6 h with interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma, 10 ng ml(-1)) and tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha, 5 ng ml(-1)) exhibited greater relaxation to BK (E(max)-50.0+/-5.1%) than polymyxin B-treated controls (E(max)-33.1+/-4.0%), but did not differ in their response to PE. 4. Prolonged incubation (16 h) with endotoxin (3 microg ml(-1)) did not alter the response to PE, however incubation with IFN-gamma (10 ng ml(-1)), TNF-alpha (5 ng ml(-1)) and interleukin-1beta (20 ng ml(-1)) for 16 h increased PE log EC(50) from -6.44+/-0.09 to -6. 10+/-0.11. 5. Nitric oxide is an important mediator of endothelium-dependent relaxation in ovine digital arteries but does not modulate PE-induced vasoconstriction. Incubation with cytokines decreased the sensitivity of digital arteries to PE.[1]


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