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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Adenylate cyclase, guanylate cyclase and cyclic nucleotide phosphodiesterases of guinea-pig cardiac sarcolemma.

1. The activities of the enzymes involved in the metabolism of cyclic nucleotides were studied in sarcolemma prepared front guinea-pig heart ventricle; the enzyme activities reported here were linear under the assay conditions. 2. Adenylate cyclase was maximally activated by 3mM-NaF; NaF increased the Km for ATP (from 0.042 to 0.19 mM) but decreased the Ka for Mg2+ (from 2.33 to 0.9 mM). In the presence of saturating Mg2+ (15 mM), Mn2+ enhanced adenylate cyclase, whereas Co2+ was inhibitory. beta-Adrenergic amines (10-50 muM) stimulated adenylate cyclase (38+/-2%). When added to the assay mixture, guanyl nucleotides (GTP and its analogue, guanylyl imidophosphate) stimulated basal enzyme activity and enhanced the stimulation by isoproterenol. By contrast, preincubation of sarcolemma with guanylyl imidodiphosphate stimulated the formation of an 'activated' form of the enzyme, which did not reveal increased hormonal sensitivity. 3. The guanylate cyclase present in the membranes as well as in the Triton X-100-solubilized extract of membranes exhibited a Ka for Mn 2+ of 0.3 mM; Mn2+ in excess of GTP was required for maximal activity. Solubilized guanylate cyclase was activated by Mg2+ only in the presence of low Mn2+ concentrations; Ca2+ was inhibitory both in the absence and presence of low Mn2+. Acetylcholine as well as carbamolycholine stimulated membrane-bound guanylate cyclase. 4. Cylic nucleotide phosphodiesterase activities of sarcolemma exhibited both high-and low-Km forms with cyclic AMP and with cyclic GMP as substrate. Ca2+ ions increased the Vmax. of the cyclic GMP-dependent enzyme.[1]


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