The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vitro and in vivo evidence for orphan nuclear receptor RORalpha function in bone metabolism.

Bone is a major target site for steroid hormone action. Steroid hormones like cortisol, vitamin D, and estradiol are responsible for principal events associated with bone formation and resorption. Over the past decade, new members of the nuclear hormone gene family have been identified that lack known ligands. These orphan receptors can be used to uncover signaling molecules that regulate yet unidentified physiological networks. In the present study the function of retinoic acid receptor-related orphan receptor (ROR) alpha in bone metabolism has been examined. We showed that RORalpha and RORgamma, but not RORbeta, are expressed in mesenchymal stem cells derived from bone marrow. Interestingly, for RORalpha we observed an increased messenger signal expression between control cells and cells undergoing osteogenic differentiation. Furthermore, the direct activation of mouse bone sialoprotein by RORalpha, typically 7-fold, has been shown. In contrast, transient overexpression of RORalpha overrides the activation of the osteocalcin promoter by 1alpha,25-dihydroxyvitamin D(3). In addition, we have investigated bone mass parameters and bone geometry in the mouse mutant staggerer ( sg/ sg), a mouse strain that carries a deletion within the RORalpha gene. Homozygote mutants have thin long bones compared with the heterozygote animals and wild-type littermates. More interestingly, the bones of the sg/ sg animals are osteopenic as indicated by the comparison of bone mineral contents of sg/ sg animals to the heterozygote and wild-type animals. We conclude that these in vitro and in vivo results suggest a function for RORalpha in bone biology. RORalpha most likely acts by direct modulation of a bone matrix component.[1]


  1. In vitro and in vivo evidence for orphan nuclear receptor RORalpha function in bone metabolism. Meyer, T., Kneissel, M., Mariani, J., Fournier, B. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2000) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities