The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cefaclor, a cephalosporin antibiotic, delays gastric emptying rate by a CCK-A receptor-mediated mechanism in the rat.

Studies in vitro suggest that cephalosporin antibiotics release the gut hormone cholecystokinin. Cholecystokinin is known to inhibit gastric emptying. Here we examine the effects of cefaclor on gastric emptying and intestinal motility. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were fitted with gastric cannulas. Following a 3-week recovery, the rate of gastric emptying of saline, peptone (4.5%) or cefaclor was determined after instillation into the gastric cannula, while intestinal transit was measured by using the propagation of arabic gum + charcoal mixture given intraduodenally. Gastric emptying of saline was significantly delayed by the addition of cefaclor (3, 10, 30 or 100 mM). The CCK-A antagonist SR-27897B (1 mg kg(-1), i.p.) reversed the delay induced by 10 mM cefaclor, whereas the CCK-B antagonist CI-988 (1 mg kg(-1), i.p.) had no significant effect. In capsaicin-treated rats, 10 mM cefaclor emptied more rapidly than in vehicle-treated animals. Thirty-minute intestinal transit was increased at 30 and 100 mM of cefaclor, while the gastric acid secretion following cefaclor instillation was no different than the group which received saline. The cephalosporin antibiotic cefaclor appears to be a potent stimulant of CCK release from gut endocrine cells, resembling the effects of peptone. Cefaclor delays gastric emptying via capsaicin-sensitive afferent pathways, which involve CCK-A receptor interaction.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities