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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of protein kinase C inhibitor ( PKCI) on radiation sensitivity and c-fos transcription.

PURPOSE: The human genetic disorder ataxia-telangiectasia (AT) is a multisystem disease characterized by extreme radiosensitivity. Although ionizing radiation was known to induce c-fos transcription and cellular protein kinase C (PKC) induces the expression of this immediate response gene, little is known about how mutated AT (ATM) or PKC-mediated signal transduction pathway modulates the c-fos gene transcription and gene expression. Here we have studied the effect of PKC inhibitor ( PKCI) on radiation sensitivity and c-fos transcription in normal and AT cells, and also studied whether PKCI effect on c-fos occurs in Ras-dependent pathway. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Normal (LM217) and AT (AT5BIVA) cells were transfected with PKCI expression plasmid and integration and overexpression of PKCI was evaluated by polymerase chain reaction and northern blotting, respectively. Cells were irradiated at a dose of 5 Gy/min with 137Cs irradiator and harvested 48 h after irradiation and investigated apoptosis with TUNEL method. The c-fos transcription activity was studied by performing compute assisted tomography (CAT) assay of reporter gene after transfection of c-fos CAT plasmid into LM and AT cells. Overexpression of Ras protein in transfected cells was shown by western blotting. RESULTS: Our results demonstrated for the first time a role of PKCI on the radiation sensitivity and c-fos transcription in LM and AT cells. PKCI increased radiation induced apoptosis in LM cells (5% to 20%) but reduced apoptosis slightly in AT cells. The basal c-fos transcription activity is 70 times lower in AT cells than in LM cells. This c-fos transcription activity was repressed by overexpression of PKCI in LM cells but not in AT cells. After induction of c-fos by Ras protein, overexpression of PKCI repressed c-fos transcription in LM cells but not in AT cells. CONCLUSIONS: Overexpression of PKCI increased radiation sensitivity and repressed c-fos transcription in LM cells but not in AT cells, and this is related with Ras. These results suggest that the effect of PKCI on c-fos transcription activity is related with Ras dependent signal transduction pathways and these mechanisms are different between normal fibroblasts, LM and ATM mutated, AT cells. The data obtained by this study provided evidence for novel transcriptional difference between LM and AT cells and this may be a reason for increased radiation sensitivity of AT cells.[1]


  1. Effect of protein kinase C inhibitor (PKCI) on radiation sensitivity and c-fos transcription. Choi, E.K., Rhee, Y.H., Park, H.J., Ahn, S.D., Shin, K.H., Park, K.K. Int. J. Radiat. Oncol. Biol. Phys. (2001) [Pubmed]
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