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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The DNA binding activity of the RIPE3b1 transcription factor of insulin appears to be influenced by tyrosine phosphorylation.

The RIPE3b1 DNA binding factor plays a critical role in pancreatic islet beta cell-specific and glucose-regulated transcription of the insulin gene. Recently it was shown that RIPE3b1 binding activity in beta cell nuclear extracts is reduced by treatment with either calf intestinal alkaline phosphatase (CIAP) or a brain-enriched phosphatase preparation (BPP) (Zhao, L., Cissell, M. A., Henderson, E., Colbran, R., and Stein, R. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275, 10532-10537). Evidence is presented here suggesting that a tyrosine phosphatase(s) influences the ability of RIPE3b1 to bind to the insulin C1 element in beta cells. We found that RIPE3b1 binding was inhibited upon incubating beta cell nuclear extracts at 30 degrees C. In contrast, PDX-1 and MLTF-1 transcription factor binding activity was unaffected under these conditions. The loss in RIPE3b1 binding activity was prevented by inhibitors of tyrosine phosphatases (sodium orthovanadate and sodium molybdate) but not by inhibitors of serine/threonine phosphatases (sodium fluoride, okadaic acid, and microcystin LR). CIAP- and BPP-catalyzed inhibition of RIPE3b1 binding was also blocked by these tyrosine phosphatase inhibitors. Collectively, the data suggested that removal of a tyrosine(s) within RIPE3b1 prevented activator binding to insulin C1 control element sequences. The presence of a key phosphorylated tyrosine(s) within this transcription factor was further supported by the ability of the 4G10 anti-phosphotyrosine monoclonal antibody to immunoprecipitate RIPE3b1 DNA binding activity. We discuss how tyrosine phosphorylation, a very rare and highly significant regulatory modification, may control RIPE3b1 activator function.[1]


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