The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Phospholipase D activity is required for actin stress fiber formation in fibroblasts.

Phospholipase D ( PLD) is a ubiquitously expressed enzyme of ill-defined function. In order to explore its cellular actions, we inactivated the rat PLD1 (rPLD1) isozyme by tagging its C terminus with a V5 epitope (rPLD1-V5). This was stably expressed in Rat-2 fibroblasts to see if it acted as a dominant-negative mutant for PLD activity. Three clones that expressed rPLD1-V5 were selected (Rat2V16, Rat2V25, and Rat2V29). Another clone (Rat2V20) that lost expression of rPLD1-V5 was also obtained. In the three clones expressing rPLD1-V5, PLD activity stimulated by phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) or lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) was reduced by ~50%, while the PLD activity of Rat2V20 cells was normal. Changes in the actin cytoskeleton in response to LPA or PMA were examined in these clones. All three clones expressing rPLD1-V5 failed to form actin stress fibers after treatment with LPA. However, Rat2V20 cells formed stress fibers in response to LPA to the same extent as wild-type Rat-2 cells. In contrast, there was no significant change in membrane ruffling induced by PMA in the cells expressing rPLD1-V5. Since Rho is an activator both of rPLD1 and stress fiber formation, the activation of Rho was monitored in wild-type Rat-2 cells and Rat2V25 cells, but no significant difference was detected. The phosphorylation of vimentin mediated by Rho-kinase was also intact in Rat2V25 cells. Rat2V25 cells also showed normal vinculin-containing focal adhesions. However, the translocation of alpha-actinin to the cytoplasm and to the detergent-insoluble fraction in Rat2V25 cells was reduced. These results indicate that PLD activity is required for LPA- induced rearrangement of the actin cytoskeleton to form stress fibers and that PLD might be involved in the cross- linking of actin filaments mediated by alpha-actinin.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities