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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Fission yeast Aip3p (spAip3p) is required for an alternative actin-directed polarity program.

Aip3p is an actin-interacting protein that regulates cell polarity in budding yeast. The Schizosaccharomyces pombe-sequencing project recently led to the identification of a homologue of Aip3p that we have named spAip3p. Our results confirm that spAip3p is a true functional homologue of Aip3p. When expressed in budding yeast, spAip3p localizes similarly to Aip3p during the cell cycle and complements the cell polarity defects of an aip3Delta strain. Two-hybrid analysis shows that spAip3p interacts with actin similarly to Aip3p. In fission yeast, spAip3p localizes to both cell ends during interphase and later organizes into two rings at the site of cytokinesis. spAip3p localization to cell ends is dependent on microtubule cytoskeleton, its localization to the cell middle is dependent on actin cytoskeleton, and both patterns of localization require an operative secretory pathway. Overexpression of spAip3p disrupts the actin cytoskeleton and cell polarity, leading to morphologically aberrant cells. Fission yeast, which normally rely on the microtubule cytoskeleton to establish their polarity axis, can use the actin cytoskeleton in the absence of microtubule function to establish a new polarity axis, leading to the formation of branched cells. spAip3p localizes to, and is required for, branch formation, confirming its role in actin-directed polarized cell growth in both Schizosaccharomyces pombe and Saccharomyces cerevisiae.[1]


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