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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dendritic cells issued in vitro from bone marrow produce PGE(2) that contributes to the immunomodulation induced by antigen-presenting cells.

Given that preliminary work has indicated that prostaglandins can play a role in modulating dendritic cell (DC) functions, we addressed the prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) biosynthetic capacity of mouse DC produced in vitro from bone marrow cells. We observed production of significant amounts of PGE(2), which was reduced by at least 80% when cells were incubated in the presence of indomethacin, a COX-1 preferential inhibitor. Indeed, when tested by Western blot analysis with specific COX-1 and COX-2 antibodies, only COX-1 expression could be detected in the bone marrow (BM)-DC. For lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated BM-DC, inhibition of PGE(2) production by indomethacin or by NS-398 (a COX-2-selective inhibitor) used alone was less potent. After LPS treatment of BM-DC, COX-1 and COX-2 expression was potent, and inhibition of PGE(2) synthesis needed the presence of both indomethacin and NS-398. We also observed that exogenous PGE(2) diminished the expression of MHC class II molecules by BM-DC and that prostaglandin and indomethacin had antagonistic effects on cell proliferation during the mixed lymphocyte reaction using BM-DC as stimulatory cells. This assessment of PGE(2) suggests that endogenous PGE(2) produced by DC might play a role as an immunomodulating factor during the immune response. This hypothesis is sustained by the fact that IL-12 production by BM-DC is modulated by exogenous PGE(2) as well as endogenous prostaglandin, since either the addition of exogenous PGE(2) or the presence of LPS (which increases endogenous PGE(2) synthesis) decreases IL-12 production, while NS-398 (which decreases LPS-induced PGE(2) synthesis) increases IL-12 synthesis.[1]


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