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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and localization of the mouse homologue of the yeast V-ATPase 21-kDa Subunit c" (Vma16p).

We have identified a cDNA encoding the mouse homologue of the yeast V-ATPase 21-kDa subunit c" (Vma16p). The encoded protein contains 205 amino acid residues with five putative membrane spanning segments and shows 48% identity and 64% similarity to the yeast protein. Despite this homology, however, the mouse cDNA does not complement the phenotype of a yeast strain in which the VMA16 gene has been disrupted. Northern blot analysis demonstrated that the 21-kDa subunit is expressed in most tissues examined and showed an expression pattern almost identical to that of the 16-kDa proteolipid subunit (subunit c). The presence of multiple mRNA species suggests the existence of alternatively spliced forms of the 21-kDa subunit which, from Southern blot analysis, are derived from a single gene. Promoter analysis using the luciferase reporter gene revealed that a region 186 bases upstream of the initiation site is sufficient to show a low level of transcriptional activity but that transcription is significantly enhanced by inclusion of the region -186 to -706. The 21-kDa protein was Myc-tagged and the 16-kDa protein was HA-tagged and the tagged proteins were co-expressed in COS-1 cells in order to study their intracellular localization by immunofluorescence microscopy. Both proteins showed significant punctate and perinuclear staining and were predominantly co-localized throughout the cell, consistent with their presence in the same V(0) complexes. Selective permeabilization of cells with digitonin (to permeabilize the plasma membrane) or Triton X-100 (to permeabilize both intracellular and plasma membranes) followed by immunofluorescence microscopy revealed that the carboxyl terminus of the 21-kDa subunit is exposed on the cytoplasmic side of the membrane whereas the carboxyl terminus of the 16-kDa subunit is located on the lumenal side of the membrane.[1]


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