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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 promotes insulin exocytosis.

Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (Cdk5) is widely expressed although kinase activity has been described preferentially in neuronal systems. Cdk5 has an impact on actin polymerization during neuronal migration and neurite outgrowth and deregulation of the kinase has been implicated in the promotion of neurodegeneration. Recently it was shown that Cdk5 modulates dopamine signaling in neurons by regulating DARPP-32 function. In addition, Cdk5 phosphorylates munc-18 and synapsin I, two essential components of the exocytotic machinery. We have shown by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction, immunocytochemistry, and Western blotting that Cdk5 is present in the insulin-secreting pancreatic beta-cell. Subcellular fractionation of isolated beta-cells revealed a glucose-induced translocation of membrane-bound Cdk5 protein to lower density fractions. Inhibition of Cdk5 with roscovitine reduced insulin secretion with approximately 35% compared with control after glucose stimulation and with approximately 65% after depolarization with glucose and KCl. Capacitance measurements performed on single beta-cells that expressed a dominant-negative Cdk5 mutant showed impaired exocytosis. The effect on exocytosis by Cdk5 appeared to be independent of changes in free cytoplasmic Ca(2+) concentration. Taken together these results show that Cdk5 is present in beta-cells and acts as a positive regulator of insulin exocytosis.[1]


  1. Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 promotes insulin exocytosis. Lilja, L., Yang, S.N., Webb, D.L., Juntti-Berggren, L., Berggren, P.O., Bark, C. J. Biol. Chem. (2001) [Pubmed]
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