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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Src is an important mediator of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2-dependent growth signaling by angiotensin II in smooth muscle cells from resistance arteries of hypertensive patients.

The role of c-Src in growth signaling by angiotensin (Ang) II was investigated in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from arteries of hypertensive patients. c-Src and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) activity, proto-oncogene expression, activating protein-1 (AP-1) DNA-binding activity, and DNA and protein synthesis were studied in Ang II-stimulated VSMCs derived from small peripheral resistance arteries of normotensive subjects (NTs, n=5) and age-matched untreated hypertensive patients (HTs, n=10). Ang II type 1 (AT(1)) and type 2 (AT(2)) receptor status was also assessed. Ang II dose-dependently increased the synthesis of DNA and protein, with enhanced effects in VSMCs from HTs. PD 098,059, a selective inhibitor of the ERK1/2 pathway, attenuated Ang II-stimulated growth in HTs. The effects of PD 098,059 were greater in HTs than in NTs. In NTs, Ang II transiently increased ERK1/2 phosphorylation, whereas in HTs, Ang II-stimulated actions were augmented and sustained. PP2, a selective Src inhibitor, reduced ERK1/2 activity and normalized ERK1/2 responses in HTs. Ang II-induced c-Src phosphorylation was 2- to 3-fold greater in HTs than in NTs. In HTs but not NTs, kinase activation was followed by overexpression of c-fos and enhanced AP-1 DNA-binding activity. PD 098,059 and PP2 attenuated these responses. AT(1) receptor expression was similar in NTs and HTs. In HT cells transfected with c-fos antisense oligodeoxynucleotide, Ang II-stimulated growth was reduced compared with sense oligodeoxynucleotide. Our findings suggest that augmented Ang II-stimulated VSMC growth is mediated via hyperactivation of c-Src- regulated ERK1/2-dependent pathways, leading to overexpression of c-fos mRNA and enhanced AP-1 DNA-binding activity. Because AT(1) receptor expression was unaltered in HTs, increased Ang II signaling may be a postreceptor phenomenon. These data define a signal transduction pathway whereby Ang II mediates exaggerated growth in VSMCs from HTs.[1]


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