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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Medroxyprogesterone acetate enhances in vivo and in vitro antibody production.

In the present study we examine the effects of medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) on the specific antibody secretion to T-dependent antigens. Our results show that the in vivo administration of MPA to mice, 7 or 90 days before immunization with sheep red blood cells (SRBC), significantly enhanced both, primary and secondary antibody responses, without affecting delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH). These effects could be counteracted by the anti-progestin onapristone or ZK 98299 (ZK) suggesting that MPA interacted with progesterone (PRG) receptors to increase B-cell response. To better understand the mechanisms involved in MPA activity we carried out cultures of splenocytes, bone marrow cells or lymph node cells from immunized mice in the presence of MPA, and evaluated the amount of antibody release to supernatants. We found that low doses of MPA (10(-9) M and 10(-10) M) significantly enhanced the in vitro production of specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies, an effect that appears to involve the interaction of the progestin with PRG receptors, as judged by the inhibition of MPA effects with ZK (10(-8) M) or RU486 (10(-9) M). These receptors were detected by flow cytometry analysis in a proportion of T lymphocytes. Because MPA did not increase the number of immunoglobulin-secreting cells, our findings suggest that MPA enhanced the capacity of individual cells to produce specific immunoglobulin.[1]


  1. Medroxyprogesterone acetate enhances in vivo and in vitro antibody production. Vermeulen, M., Pazos, P., Lanari, C., Molinolo, A., Gamberale, R., Geffner, J.R., Giordano, M. Immunology (2001) [Pubmed]
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