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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Characterization of a murine high-affinity thiamine transporter, Slc19a2.

Thiamine-responsive megaloblastic anemia with deafness and diabetes (TRMA) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder of thiamine transport. Previous studies have demonstrated that the disease is caused by mutations in the SLC19A2 gene encoding a high-affinity thiamine transporter. We hypothesize that thiamine transport, mediated by SLC19A2, plays a role in the development and or maintenance of several organ systems, in particular the erythropoietic, auditory, and glucose homeostasis systems. To investigate the transporter further, we cloned the murine Slc19a2 locus and characterized the resulting protein. Murine Slc19a2 is a 498 amino acid protein, with 12 predicted transmembrane domains. The gene spans approximately 13kb with 6 exons, structurally identical to that of the human homolog. We localized the Slc19a2 gene to mouse chromosome 1, a region syntenic to human chromosome 1q23 that contains the TRMA locus. Transient expression of Slc19a2 in HEK293T cells resulted in specific uptake of [3H] thiamine, confirming a thiamine transporter function. Western blot analysis of mouse tissues reveals a wide distribution of Slc19a2 protein. Immunohistochemistry studies indicate that Slc19a2 is expressed on the cell surface and intracellularly, and is specifically localized to a subpopulation of cells in cochlea, small intestine, and pancreas.[1]


  1. Characterization of a murine high-affinity thiamine transporter, Slc19a2. Fleming, J.C., Steinkamp, M.P., Kawatsuji, R., Tartaglini, E., Pinkus, J.L., Pinkus, G.S., Fleming, M.D., Neufeld, E.J. Mol. Genet. Metab. (2001) [Pubmed]
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