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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interferon-gamma- induced epithelial ICAM-1 expression and monocyte adhesion. Involvement of protein kinase C-dependent c-Src tyrosine kinase activation pathway.

Interferon-gamma ( IFN-gamma) induced intercellular adhesion molecule-1 ( ICAM-1) expression in human NCI-H292 epithelial cells, as shown by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and immunofluorescence staining. The enhanced ICAM-1 expression resulted in increased adhesion of U937 cells to NCI-H292 cells. Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (genistein or herbimycin), Src family inhibitor ( PP2), or a phosphatidylinositol-phospholipase C inhibitor (U73122) attenuated the IFN-gamma- induced ICAM-1 expression. Protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors (staurosporine or Ro 31-8220) also inhibited IFN-gamma-induced response. 12-O-Tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA), a PKC activator, stimulated ICAM-1 expression; this effect was inhibited by tyrosine kinase or Src inhibitor. ICAM-1 promoter activity was enhanced by IFN-gamma and TPA in cells transfected with pIC339-Luc, containing the downstream NF-kappaB and gamma-activated site (GAS) sites, but not in cells transfected with GAS-deletion mutant, pIC135 (DeltaAP2). Electrophoretic gel mobility shift assay demonstrated that GAS-binding complexes in IFN-gamma-stimulated cells contained STAT1alpha. The IFN-gamma- induced ICAM-1 promoter activity was inhibited by tyrosine kinase inhibitors, a phosphatidylinositol-phospholipase C inhibitor, or PKC inhibitors, and the TPA-induced ICAM-1 promoter activity was also inhibited by tyrosine kinase inhibitors. Cotransfection with a PLC-gamma2 mutant inhibited IFN-gamma- but not TPA-induced ICAM-1 promoter activity. However, cotransfection with dominant negative mutants of PKCalpha or c-Src inhibited both IFN-gamma- and TPA-induced ICAM-1 promoter activity. The ICAM-1 promoter activity was stimulated by cotransfection with wild type PLC-gamma2, PKCalpha, c-Src, JAK1, or STAT1. An immunocomplex kinase assay showed that both IFN-gamma and TPA activated c-Src and Lyn activities and that these effects were inhibited by staurosporine and herbimycin. Thus, in NCI-H292 epithelial cells, IFN-gamma activates PLC-gamma2 via an upstream tyrosine kinase to induce activation of PKC-alpha and c-Src or Lyn, resulting in activation of STAT1alpha, and GAS in the ICAM-1 promoter, followed by initiation of ICAM-1 expression and monocyte adhesion.[1]


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