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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Differential occurrence of mutations causative of eye diseases in the Chinese population.

Ethnic differences and geographic variations affect the frequencies and nature of human mutations. In the literature, descriptions of causative mutations of eye diseases in the Chinese population are few. In this paper we attempt to reveal molecular information on genetic eye diseases involving Chinese patients from published and unpublished works by us and other groups. Our studies on candidate genes of eye diseases in the Chinese population in Hong Kong include MYOC and TISR for primary open angle glaucoma, RHO and RP1 for retinitis pigmentosa, ABCA4 and APOE for age-related macular degeneration, RB1 for retinoblastoma, APC for familial adenomatous polyposis with congenital hypertrophy of retinal pigment epithelium, BIGH3/TGFBI for corneal dystrophies, PAX6 for aniridia and Reiger syndrome, CRYAA and CRYBB2 for cataracts, and mtDNA for Leber hereditary optic neuropathy. We have revealed novel mutations in most of these genes, and in RHO, RP1, RB1, BIGH3, and PAX6 we have reported mutations that contribute to better understanding of the functions and properties of the respective gene products. We showed absence of MYOC does not necessarily cause glaucoma. No disease causative mutations have been identified in MYOC or ABCA4. There are similarities in the patterns of sequence alterations and phenotype-genotype associations in comparison with other ethnic groups, while the MYOC, RB1, APC, and PAX6 genes have more Chinese-specific sequence alterations. Establishment of a mutation database specific for the Chinese is essential for identification of genetic markers with diagnostic, prognostic, or pharmacological values.[1]


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