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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Effect of omeprazole-induced achlorhydria on trefoil peptide expression in the rat stomach.

BACKGROUND: Omeprazole is an inhibitor of the H+K+ ATPase of the gastric parietal cell, which is used clinically to suppress gastric acid secretion. It has also been found to inhibit gastric mucin production; however, its effects on the synthesis and secretion of the trefoil peptides, which are also expressed by mucus cells, and which play a key role in cytoprotection and epithelial repair, are unknown. METHODS: Rats (n=8) were given either omeprazole (30 mg/kg per day; p.o.) or inert carrier for 1 week, and the effects on synthesis and peptide expression of the gastric trefoil peptides, TFF1/ pS2 and TFF2/SP, were compared. RESULTS: As expected, omeprazole treatment abolished H+ ion production with a mean gastric juice pH of 7.2 compared with 2.4 for controls. The omeprazole group had elevated total protein levels of 35-fold and TFF1/ pS2 peptide levels elevated fourfold, respectively, but not TFF2/SP peptide in gastric juice, suggesting that the increased pH reduced the viscosity of adherent mucus, thereby increasing gastric juice concentrations by dissolution of adherent TFF1/ pS2 and increased secretion. Concomitant with increased TFF1/ pS2 secretion was a fall in predominantly antral mucosal trefoil peptide concentrations. In contrast to trefoil secretory rates, the steady-state synthesis of both TFF1/ pS2 and TFF2/SP was unchanged after omeprazole treatment, implying both a large cellular pool of processed peptide and rapid secretion. CONCLUSION: The increase in the concentration of TFF1/ pS2 in gastric secretions during chronic omeprazole-induced achlorhydria may be important in preventing tissue injury and promoting repair in response to an increased luminal bacterial population.[1]


  1. Effect of omeprazole-induced achlorhydria on trefoil peptide expression in the rat stomach. Kang, B., Alderman, B.M., Nicoll, A.J., Cook, G.A., Giraud, A.S. J. Gastroenterol. Hepatol. (2001) [Pubmed]
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