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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Comparison analysis of distributions of tyrosine hydroxylase, calmodulin and calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II in a triple stained slice of rat brain.

The immunohistochemical distributions of tyrosine hydroxylase ( TH), calmodulin ( CaM) and calcium/ CaM-dependent protein kinase II (CaMKII) in the rat forebrain were compared quantitatively to confirm our previous finding that TH activity and dopamine synthesis in the brain are regulated by a calcium/ CaM-dependent system. The same slice was triply stained and the above substances were detected immunohistochemically. Their distributions in the slice were measured using a brain mapping analyzer which is a microphotometry system for the analysis of the distribution of neurochemicals in a large tissue slice. Each coronal section was divided into approximately 250000 to 310000 microareas at 20-microm intervals, and the immunohistochemical fluorescence intensities of the three substances in these microareas were analyzed independently. Quantitative images of the distributions were reconstructed from the data, and the distribution of each substance was investigated. Immunoreactive staining of TH, CaM and CaMKII was observed in almost all areas of the brain, but the intensities varied. Markedly intense TH-, CaM- and CaMKII-like immunoreactivities were distributed in the anterior dorsolateral and posterior areas of the neostriatum, nucleus accumbens and olfactory tubercle. In the previous study, the amount of dopamine was increased by the intracerebroventricular administration of calcium chloride in the neostriatum and nucleus accumbens. Combining these results with those previously reported, it is suggested that TH activity and dopamine synthesis in these regions are regulated by calcium ions via CaM and CaMKII. This method is a powerful technique for quantitative and comparative analysis of the distributions of various neurochemicals in the same slice, and we believe that it will facilitate investigation of the functions of the central nervous system and disorders thereof in various diseases.[1]


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