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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Selenium modulation of cell proliferation and cell cycle biomarkers in human prostate carcinoma cell lines.

Prostate cancer (PCA) is the most common histological malignancy and the second leading cause of cancer deaths among North American men. There has been considerable interest in the chemopreventative properties of selenium. In this study, we assessed whether selenium inhibits cell growth and associated cell cycle regulatory proteins. Human PCA cells (LNCaP, PC3, PC3-AR2, and PC3-M) were incubated with and without selenium (Seleno-DL-methionine, 150 microM) for 24, 48, and 72 h. Cells were fixed and stained with propidium iodide for flow cytometry analysis. In parallel experiments, total protein was extracted, immunoprecipitated with cyclin E antibody, and analyzed by Western blot for the expression of cell cycle markers. Treatment with selenium caused G1 arrest and an 80% reduction in the S phase of LNCaP with no effect on PC3. However, PC3 cells transfected with the androgen receptor (PC3-AR2) exhibited a G2/M arrest and a marked reduction (57%) in the S phase during cell cycle progression. In the analysis of cell cycle regulatory molecules, selenium-treated cells demonstrated a significant induction of cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitors Cip1/p21 and Kip1/p27. These data suggest that selenium possesses strong antiproliferative properties in regard to human PCA. This effect appears to be dependent on the presence of a functioning androgen receptor. This provides a theoretical basis for Phase III studies of selenium in PCA prevention.[1]


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