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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cloning and characterization of a human novel gene C9orf19 encoding a conserved putative protein with an SCP-like extracellular protein domain.

A novel human transcript, C9orf19, mapped to the genomic region involved in hereditary inclusion body myopathy (IBM2) at chromosome 9p12-p13, has been cloned and characterized. A single cDNA clone consisting of the full-length 1.9 kb transcript has been isolated from a human placenta cDNA library and further analyzed. Genomic characterization of the C9orf19 gene identified five exons extending over 27.2 kb of genomic DNA, located 12 kb centromeric to the tumor suppressor RECK gene. C9orf19 mRNA is expressed in a wide range of adult tissues as a single transcript, most abundantly in lung and peripheral blood leukocytes. The predicted protein contains the SCP-like extracellular protein signature classified to IPR001283, a family of evolutionary related proteins with extracellular domains, which includes the human glioma pathogenesis-related protein (GliPR), the human testis specific glycoprotein ( TPX-1), and several other extracellular proteins from rodents ( SCP), insects venom allergens (Ag5, Ag3), plants pathogenesis proteins (PR-1) and yeast hypothetical proteins. Homology searches with the deduced 154 amino acid protein sequence of C9orf19 revealed highly similar proteins in mouse, drosophila, nematode and yeast. Mutation analysis of C9orf19 in IBM2 patients excluded it as the disease causing gene and revealed four single nucleotide polymorphisms within and in the vicinity of the gene, which will certainly be useful tools to study its potential role in several human diseases mapped to chromosome 9p12-p13. Parallel to this study, the gene termed GNE, approximately 50 kb centromeric to C9orf19, was shown to be the disease causing gene in IBM2.[1]


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