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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cloning, expression and immunolocalization pattern of a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase gene from strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa cv. Chandler).

Cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase (CAD; EC catalyses the conversion of p-hydroxy-cinnamaldehydes to the corresponding alcohols and is considered a key enzyme in lignin biosynthesis. By a differential screening of a strawberry (Fragariax ananassa cv. Chandler) fruit specific subtractive cDNA library, a full-length clone corresponding to a cad gene was isolated (Fxacad1). Northern blot and quantitative real time PCR studies indicated that the strawberry Fxacad1 gene is expressed in fruits, runners, leaves, and flowers but not in roots. In addition, the gene presented a differential expression in fruits along the ripening process. Moreover, by screening of a strawberry genomic library a cad gene was isolated (Fxacad2). Similar to that found in other cad genes from higher plants, this strawberry cad gene is structured in five exons and four introns. Southern blot analyses suggest that, probably, a small cad gene family exists in strawberry. RT-PCR studies indicated that only the Fxacad1 gene was expressed in all the fruit ripening stages and vegetative tissues analysed. The Fxacad1 cDNA was expressed in E. coli cells and the corresponding protein was used to raise antibodies against the strawberry CAD polypeptide. The antibodies obtained were used for immunolocalization studies. The results showed that the CAD polypeptide was localized in lignifying cells of all the tissues examined (achenes, fruit receptacles, runners, leaves, pedicels, and flowers). Additionally, the cDNA was also expressed in yeast (Pichia pastoris) as an extracellular protein. The recombinant protein showed activity with the characteristic substrates of CAD enzymes from angiosperms, indicating that the gene cloned corresponds to a CAD protein.[1]


  1. Cloning, expression and immunolocalization pattern of a cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase gene from strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa cv. Chandler). Blanco-Portales, R., Medina-Escobar, N., López-Ráez, J.A., González-Reyes, J.A., Villalba, J.M., Moyano, E., Caballero, J.L., Muñoz-Blanco, J. J. Exp. Bot. (2002) [Pubmed]
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