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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Selective 5-HT1A antagonists WAY 100635 and NAD-299 attenuate the impairment of passive avoidance caused by scopolamine in the rat.

Systemic administration of the muscarinic-receptor antagonists atropine and scopolamine produces cognitive deficits in humans, nonhuman primates and rodents. In humans, these deficits resemble symptoms of dementia seen in Alzheimer's disease. The passive avoidance (PA) task has been one of the most frequently used animal models for studying cholinergic mechanisms in learning and memory. The present study examined the ability of two selective 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonists WAY 100635 and NAD-299 (robalzotan) and two acetylcholinesterase ( AChE) inhibitors tacrine and donepezil to attenuate the impairment of PA retention caused by the nonselective muscarinic receptor antagonist scopolamine in the rat. Although demonstrating differences in their temporal kinetics, both WAY 100635 and NAD-299 attenuated the impairment of PA caused by scopolamine (0.3 mg/kg s.c.). Donepezil did not block the PA deficit caused by the 0.3 mg/kg dose of scopolamine, but it prevented the inhibitory effects of the 0.2 mg/kg dose of scopolamine. In contrast, tacrine was effective vs both the 0.2 and 0.3 mg/kg doses of scopolamine. These results indicate that (1). a functional 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonism can attenuate the anterograde amnesia produced by muscarinic-receptor blockade, and (2). the AChE inhibitors tacrine and donepezil differ in their ability to modify muscarinic-receptor-mediated function in vivo. These results suggest that 5-HT(1A) receptor antagonists may have a potential in the treatment of cognitive symptoms in psychopathologies characterized by reduced ACh transmission such as Alzheimer's disease.[1]

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