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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Regulation of the epithelial Ca2+ channels in small intestine as studied by quantitative mRNA detection.

The epithelial Ca2+ channels TRPV5 and TRPV6 are localized to the brush border membrane of intestinal cells and constitute the postulated rate-limiting entry step of active Ca2+ absorption. The aim of the present study was to investigate the hormonal regulation of these channels. To this end, the effect of 17beta-estradiol (17beta-E2), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)2D3], and dietary Ca2+ on the expression of the duodenal Ca2+ transport proteins was investigated in vivo and analyzed using realtime quantitative PCR. Supplementation with 17beta-E2 increased duodenal gene expression of TRPV5 and TRPV6 but also calbindin-D9K and plasma membrane Ca2+-ATPase (PMCA1b) in ovariectomized rats. 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3-1alpha-hydroxylase (1alpha-OHase) knockout mice are characterized by hyperparathyroidism, rickets, hypocalcemia, and undetectable levels of 1,25(OH)2D3 and were used to study the 1,25(OH)2D3-dependency of the stimulatory effects of 17beta-E2. Treatment with 17beta-E2 upregulated mRNA levels of duodenal TRPV6 in these 1alpha-OHase knockout mice, which was accompanied by increased serum Ca2+ concentrations from 1.69 +/- 0.10 to 2.03 +/- 0.12 mM (P < 0.05). In addition, high dietary Ca2+ intake normalized serum Ca2+ in these mice and upregulated expression of genes encoding the duodenal Ca2+ transport proteins except for PMCA1b. Supplementation with 1,25(OH)2D3 resulted in increased expression of TRPV6, calbindin-D9K, and PMCA1b and normalization of serum Ca2+. Expression levels of duodenal TRPV5 mRNA are below detection limits in these 1alpha-OHase knockout mice, but supplementation with 1,25(OH)2D3 upregulated the expression to significant levels. In conclusion, TRPV5 and TRPV6 are regulated by 17beta-E2 and 1,25(OH)2D3, whereas dietary Ca2+ is positively involved in the regulation of TRPV6 only.[1]


  1. Regulation of the epithelial Ca2+ channels in small intestine as studied by quantitative mRNA detection. van Abel, M., Hoenderop, J.G., van der Kemp, A.W., van Leeuwen, J.P., Bindels, R.J. Am. J. Physiol. Gastrointest. Liver Physiol. (2003) [Pubmed]
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