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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Novel Drosophila heterochromatin protein 1 (HP1)/origin recognition complex- associated protein (HOAP) repeat motif in HP1/HOAP interactions and chromocenter associations.

Association of the highly conserved heterochromatin protein, HP1, with the specialized chromatin of centromeres and telomeres requires binding to a specific histone H3 modification of methylation on lysine 9. This modification is catalyzed by the Drosophila Su(var)3-9 gene product and its homologues. Specific DNA binding activities are also likely to be required for targeting this activity along with HP1 to specific chromosomal regions. The Drosophila HOAP protein is a DNA- binding protein that was identified as a component of a multiprotein complex of HP1 containing Drosophila origin recognition complex ( ORC) subunits in the early Drosophila embryo. Here we show direct physical interactions between the HOAP protein and HP1 and specific ORC subunits. Two additional HP1-like proteins (HP1b and HP1c) were recently identified in Drosophila, and the unique chromosomal distribution of each isoform is determined by two independently acting HP1 domains (hinge and chromoshadow domain) (47). We find heterochromatin protein 1/origin recognition complex- associated protein (HOAP) to interact specifically with the originally described predominantly heterochromatic HP1a protein. Both the hinge and chromoshadow domains of HP1a are required for its interaction with HOAP, and a novel peptide repeat located in the carboxyl terminus of the HOAP protein is required for the interaction with the HP1 hinge domain. Peptides that interfere with HP1a/HOAP interactions in co-precipitation experiments also displace HP1 from the heterochromatic chromocenter of polytene chromosomes in larval salivary glands. A mutant for the HOAP protein also suppresses centric heterochromatin-induced silencing, supporting a role for HOAP in centric heterochromatin.[1]


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